Castilleja cervina

Greenman

Bot. Gaz. 25: 269. 1898.

Common names: Deer paintbrush
IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 593. Mentioned on page 579, 591, 608.

Herbs, perennial, (2.3–) 3–8 dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot. Stems solitary or few-to-many, erect, branched distally, sometimes unbranched or with short, leafy branches in axils of leaves, glabrous, sometimes hairy, hairs moderately dense, spreading, short, soft, eglandular. Leaves green, sometimes purplish, linear or narrowly lanceolate, 1–9 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, involute, 3–5 (–9) -lobed, apex acuminate to narrowly acute; lobes spreading, linear, arising near or below mid length, apex acute, rarely obtuse. Inflorescences 3–15 (–20) × 1.5–3 cm; bracts proximally pale greenish to pale yellowish green, distally white, cream, or pale-yellow, sometimes pale greenish, pale yellow-green, or pale-yellow throughout, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 3–5 (–7) -lobed; lobes ascending or spreading, linear to very narrowly linear, long, arising above or below mid length, apex acute to obtuse. Calyces green, rarely pale-purple, lobes white, cream, or pale-yellow, 18–24 (–27) mm; abaxial clefts (6–) 8–16 mm, adaxial 4–10 (–14) mm, abaxial 45–60% of calyx length, adaxial 15–40% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 1–4 mm, 5–15% of calyx length; lobes narrowly triangular to linear, apex acute. Corollas straight or ± curved, 16–25 mm; tube 15–17 mm; beak exserted from calyx, adaxially green, 5–7 mm; abaxial lip deep green, reduced, exserted through abaxial cleft, 1–4 mm, 40–60% as long as beak; teeth erect, white, 0.5–1 mm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering (May–)Jun–Jul.
Habitat: Open pine forests and grasslands, rocky balds and dry subalpine meadows.
Elevation: 500–2000 m.

Discussion

Castilleja cervina is found across northern Washington, from the eastern slope of the Cascade Range, east to northern Idaho and north to southern British Columbia. Plants at higher elevations are dwarfed. Reports from Montana need verification.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"acute" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja cervina"
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +, Obtuse (?) +, Acuminate (?) +  and Narrowly acute (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Greenman +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
pale-yellow;pale yellow-green;pale-yellow;pale yellow-green;pale greenish;proximally pale greenish;pale yellowish green distally white cream or pale-yellow +
3-5(-7)-lobed +, lanceolate +  and narrowly elliptic +
pale-purple +  and green +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Deer paintbrush +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
curved +  and straight +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
B.C. +, Idaho +  and Wash. +
500–2000 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Open pine forests and grasslands, rocky balds and dry subalpine meadows. +
stipitate-glandular +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
purplish +  and green +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
lanceolate;linear +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
pale-yellow +, cream +  and white +
below mid below mid lobes +, arising +, spreading +  and ascending +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
narrowly triangular +  and linear +
subequal +
3-5(-9)-lobed +  and plane +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering (May–)Jun–Jul. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
with short , leafy branches +, unbranched +  and branched +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja cervina +
Castilleja +
species +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +