Castilleja crista-galli

Rydberg

Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 355. 1900.

Common names: Cock’s-comb paintbrush
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 599. Mentioned on page 575.

Herbs, perennial, 1–5 dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot. Stems few to several, erect or ascending, unbranched or branched, sometimes with short, leafy axillary shoots, hairy, sometimes glabrate proximally, hairs spreading to retrorse, medium length to long, soft, eglandular, often mixed distally with shorter stipitate-glandular ones. Leaves green, linear to narrowly lanceolate, 2–8 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, involute, 0–5-lobed, apex acute; lateral lobes spreading, linear, apex acuminate. Inflorescences 3–6 (–11) × 1.5–6.5 cm; bracts proximally greenish, distally red, red-orange, or orange, sometimes yellow or dull salmon, narrowly to broadly lanceolate or oblong, 3–5-lobed; lobes ascending-spreading, linear-lanceolate, long, arising below mid length, central lobe apex rounded to obtuse, lateral ones acute. Calyces colored as bracts, (20–) 25–35 mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts (6–) 10–17 mm, 50% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral (1–) 3–6 (–10) mm, 35% of calyx length; lobes slender, triangular, apex acute. Corollas straight, (25–) 30–40 (–45) mm; tube 15–20 mm; abaxial lip visible through front cleft, beak long-exserted from calyx; beak adaxially green or yellow-green, 16–21 mm; abaxial lip proximally white or yellow-green, distally green, reduced, usually visible in front cleft, 3 mm, 20% as long as beak; teeth incurved to ascending, green, 1 mm. 2n = 96.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, talus, ridges, dry to moist, open, conifer forests, montane meadows.
Elevation: 1500–2900 m.

Discussion

Castilleja crista-galli is found in the Rocky Mountains of southwestern Montana and northwestern Wyoming. The extent of its distribution into adjacent Idaho is unresolved, in part because it is frequently confused with either C. linariifolia or C. miniata. Castilleja crista-galli appears to be morphologically intermediate between them, leading to speculation that it might be an allopolyploid derivative. A DNA study (S. Matthews and M. Lavin 1998) showed little support for a hybrid origin. Castilleja crista-galli may be separated with some difficulty from the other two species by the presence of at least some short hairs on the stems and the frequently three- to five-parted leaves. Castilleja linariifolia and C. miniata both usually have subglabrous stems and entire leaves, sometimes three-parted distally, near the inflorescence.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Castilleja crista-galli"
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
green +, yellow-green +  and white +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Rydberg +
long-exserted +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
salmon;dull;yellow;orange;red-orange;orange;red-orange;red;greenish +
3-5-lobed +, oblong +  and lanceolate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Cock’s-comb paintbrush +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Idaho +, Mont. +  and Wyo. +
1500–2900 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Rocky slopes, talus, ridges, dry to moist, open, conifer forests, montane meadows. +
spreading +  and retrorse +
stipitate-glandular +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
linear;narrowly lanceolate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
arising +  and ascending-spreading +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
triangular +  and linear-lanceolate +
slender +
0-5-lobed +  and plane +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
Mem. New York Bot. Gard. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
stipitate-glandular +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
branched +  and unbranched +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
ascending +  and erect +
few;several +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja crista-galli +
Castilleja +
species +
shallow;deep +
incurved +  and ascending +
reduced +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +