Castilleja glandulifera

Pennell

Notul. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 74: 8. 1941.

Common names: Glandular paintbrush
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 610. Mentioned on page 573, 589, 594, 665.

Herbs, perennial, 1–3 dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot. Stems few-to-many, erect or ascending, sometimes decumbent, unbranched or often branched proximally, hairs spreading, medium length and long, soft, mixed with more abundant stipitate-glandular ones. Leaves green, linear-lanceolate to sometimes narrowly oblong or narrowly oblanceolate, 0.7–3.7 cm, not fleshy, margins wavy, involute, 0 (–5) -lobed, apex acute; lateral lobes ascending to erect, narrowly lanceolate to narrowly oblong, usually narrower than center lobe, apex acute. Inflorescences 2.5–10 × 2–5 cm; bracts proximally pale green to pale-yellow, distally yellow, whitish, pink, dull red, or purple on apices (sometimes gradually differentiated from proximal coloration), lanceolate, broadly lanceolate, or oblong, 3–5 (–7) -lobed, sometimes with secondary lobes; lobes ascending to spreading, linear, sometimes rounded, medium length or distal short, arising near mid length, apex acute to rarely obtuse. Calyces proximally green or pale, distally colored as bracts, 17–21 (–23) mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 4–8 mm, 33–50% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 2–6 mm, 15–33% of calyx length; lobes linear, narrowly lanceolate, or narrowly triangular to oblong, apex acute. Corollas straight or slightly curved, (20–) 22–30 mm; tube 15 mm; abaxial lip usually hidden or just visible in abaxial calyx notch, not exserted/longer than calyx, beak exserted; beak straight or slightly curved, adaxially green, 8–11 (–12) mm; abaxial lip deep green to yellow, reduced, slightly pouched, 1–2.5 mm, to 20% as long as beak; teeth incurved, green to yellow, 0.5–1 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Dry sagebrush steppes, gravelly or rocky slopes, talus, open conifer forests, subalpine.
Elevation: 1400–2500 m.

Discussion

Castilleja glandulifera is endemic to the upper elevations of the Blue and Strawberry mountains of northeastern Oregon, as well as a few adjacent minor ranges. It is related to C. applegatei and C. viscidula, which are the source of reports of C. glandulifera in the Wallowa Mountains and on Steens Mountain. Inflorescences of C. glandulifera are usually white to pale yellow, but in the area around Marble Creek Pass in Baker County, they are multicolored, with a variety of reddish shades mixed in among the yellowish plants. Castilleja glandulifera and C. viscidula share a glandular pubescence, divided leaves, and usually yellowish inflorescences. Castilleja glandulifera is distinguished from C. viscidula by its taller stature, longer corolla beak, and more deeply divided leaves and bracts with linear to linear-lanceolate lobes. Castilleja glandulifera differs from C. applegatei by its unusual leaves and bracts as well as by its habitat and narrower and somewhat shorter corolla beak.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"acute" is not a number."usually narrower" is not a number."medium" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja glandulifera"
green +  and yellow +
not exserted/longer +
visible +  and hidden +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Pennell +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
curved +  and straight +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
proximally pale green;pale-yellow distally yellow whitish pink dull red or purple +
3-5(-7)-lobed +, oblong +  and lanceolate +
2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br /> (2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br />) +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
colored +, pale +  and green +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Glandular paintbrush +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
curved +  and straight +
2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
1400–2500 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Dry sagebrush steppes, gravelly or rocky slopes, talus, open conifer forests, subalpine. +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
ascending +  and erect +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
0(-5)-lobed;linear-lanceolate +
ascending +  and spreading +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
narrowly triangular +  and oblong +
subequal +
wavy +, oblanceolate +  and oblong +
stipitate-glandular +
abundant +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
Notul. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
branched +  and unbranched +
aerial +  and subterranean +
ascending +  and erect +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja glandulifera +
Castilleja +
species +
green +  and yellow +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (?) +