Castilleja lemmonii

A. Gray in A. Gray et al.

Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 297. 1878.

Common names: Lemmon’s paintbrush
Endemic
Synonyms: Castilleja culbertsonii Greene
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 620. Mentioned on page 574, 599, 612, 619, 644.

Herbs, perennial, 0.8–2.5 dm; from a woody caudex; with slender, branching roots. Stems few-to-many, decumbent-based to erect, unbranched except for short, leafy axillary shoots, hairs sparse, spreading, medium length to long, soft and dense, short to medium length, stipitate-glandular. Leaves green or gray-green to purple (sometimes different on stems of same plant), linear-lanceolate, distal sometimes broadly lanceolate, 0.5–4 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, involute, 0 (–3) -lobed, apex acute to acuminate; lobes ascending, linear to narrowly lanceolate, apex acute to acuminate, rarely obtuse. Inflorescences 2–12 × 1–3 cm; bracts greenish to dull purplish or brownish throughout, or proximally greenish to dull purplish, distally pink to purple or magenta, rarely white, ovate, broadly lanceolate, or oblong, (0–) 3–5-lobed; lobes ascending to erect, lanceolate, medium length, arising above mid length, apex acute to rounded. Calyces proximally brown or dull magenta, sometimes green, distally colored as bracts, 12.5–18 mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 5.5–10.5 mm, 40–65% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 0.5–2 mm, 5–15% of calyx length; lobes oblong, apex rounded. Corollas slightly curved, 16–21 mm; tube 10–16 mm; abaxial lip sometimes partly exserted, beak usually exserted; beak adaxially green, 6–7 mm, margins red; abaxial lip greenish, inflated, pouches 3, shallow, central pouch shallowly grooved, visible through front cleft, 3–4 mm, 60% as long as beak; teeth erect, violet-purple or pink, 1–2.5 mm. Stigmas greenish to deep bluish purple. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Moist to wet meadows and flats, shorelines, open conifer forests, subalpine and alpine, often over granite.
Elevation: 1500–3700 m.

Discussion

As delimited here, Castilleja lemmonii is endemic to the highlands of the Sierra Nevada in California and in adjacent Washoe County, Nevada. It differs from C. lassenensis, a plant of volcanic highlands around Mt. Lassen, which has consistently white corollas. Corollas are usually pink to purplish in C. lemmonii. Castilleja lemmonii also tends to have somewhat shorter lateral calyx clefts, though the two species overlap slightly in this character.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"acute" is not a number."medium" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja lemmonii"
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Rounded (?) +, Obtuse (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
A. Gray in A. Gray et al. +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
white;proximally greenish;dull purplish distally pink +
(0-)3-5-lobed +, oblong +, lanceolate +  and ovate +
colored +, green +, magenta +, dull +  and brown +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.25 cm12.5 mm <br />0.0125 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Lemmon’s paintbrush +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Calif. +  and Nev. +
1500–3700 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Moist to wet meadows and flats, shorelines, open conifer forests, subalpine and alpine, often over granite. +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
gray-green +  and purple +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
linear-lanceolate +
arising +, ascending +  and erect +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
oblong +, lanceolate +, linear +  and narrowly lanceolate +
subequal +
0(-3)-lobed +  and plane +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
shallow +
Syn. Fl. N. Amer. +
slender +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
short to medium +
aerial +  and subterranean +
strongly decumbent +  and erect +
not fleshy +
greenish +  and deep bluish purple +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Castilleja culbertsonii +
Castilleja lemmonii +
Castilleja +
species +
pink +  and violet-purple +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +