Castilleja lindheimeri

A. Gray in A. Gray et al.

Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 298. 1878.

Common names: Lindheimer’s paintbrush
Endemic
Synonyms: Castilleja purpurea var. lindheimeri (A. Gray) Shinners
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 622. Mentioned on page 575, 598, 623, 649.

Herbs, perennial, 1.5–3 dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot. Stems several, erect or ascending, branched or unbranched, sometimes with axillary tufts of leaves, hairs spreading to ± appressed, ± matted, short, soft, eglandular. Leaves green to purple, linear to narrowly lanceolate, 1.3–7 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, sometimes ± wavy, involute, 3–5-lobed, apex acute to obtuse; lobes ascending, linear to narrowly lanceolate, apex acute. Inflorescences 4.5–18 × 1.5–3.5 cm; bracts proximally pale greenish to dull greenish brown, distally orange, reddish orange, or pale orange, sometimes reddish, lanceolate to oblong, 3 (–5) -lobed; lobes ascending to spreading, linear to broadly lanceolate or oblanceolate, proximal ones usually arising below mid length, rarely at or above mid length, apex obtuse to acute. Calyces proximally greenish or pale, distally colored as bracts, 23–33 mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 10–15 mm, 40–50% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 7–11 mm, 20–35% of calyx length; lobes oblong to broadly linear, central lobe apex obtuse to rounded, lateral ones acute to rounded. Corollas ± curved, 30–40 mm; tube 20–27 mm; beak, sometimes teeth of abaxial lip, exserted; beak adaxially green to yellowish, 8–15 mm; abaxial lip green, reduced, 2–3.5 mm, 20–25% as long as beak; teeth prominent, petaloid, spreading to erect, colored as in distal portion of bracts, 0.5–3 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Jan–May.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, ridges, grasslands, pastures, open forests, roadsides, sometimes over limestone or granite.
Elevation: 200–800 m.

Discussion

Castilleja lindheimeri is endemic to the Edwards Plateau region. Unlike its close relatives, C. citrina and C. purpurea, most plants of C. lindheimeri have orange to reddish orange inflorescences, with smaller numbers varying to red. The leaves are also often less divided than in either C. citrina or C. purpurea.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"obtuse" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja lindheimeri"
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
A. Gray in A. Gray et al. +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
reddish;proximally pale greenish;dull greenish brown distally orange reddish orange or pale orange +
3(-5)-lobed +, lanceolate +  and oblong +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
colored +, pale +  and greenish +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br /> (3.3 cm33 mm <br />0.033 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Lindheimer’s paintbrush +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
200–800 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Rocky slopes, ridges, grasslands, pastures, open forests, roadsides, sometimes over limestone or granite. +
spreading +  and more or less appressed +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
green +  and purple +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
linear;narrowly lanceolate +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
ascending +  and spreading +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
oblong +  and broadly linear +
subequal +
3-5-lobed +, wavy +  and plane +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jan–May. +
Syn. Fl. N. Amer. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
unbranched +  and branched +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
ascending +  and erect +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Castilleja purpurea var. lindheimeri +
Castilleja lindheimeri +
Castilleja +
species +
shallow;deep +
spreading +  and erect +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +