Castilleja lineata

Greene

Pittonia 4: 151. 1900.

Common names: Linear-lobed or lineated paintbrush
IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 623. Mentioned on page 571, 575, 621.

Herbs, perennial, 1–4 dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot. Stems few-to-many, erect or strongly ascending, unbranched except for small, leafy axillary shoots, hairs spreading-reflexed to ± appressed, matted, long, soft, with much shorter stipitate-glandular ones, white-woolly. Leaves green, linear to narrowly oblong or narrowly lanceolate, 1.3–5 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, sometimes wavy, involute, 3–7-lobed, apex acute; lobes divergent, spreading-ascending, linear, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences 5–22 × 1–4.5 cm; bracts green to yellow-green throughout, or proximally green to yellow-green, distally yellow to sometimes pale yellow-orange, narrowly lanceolate to narrowly oblong or broadly lanceolate, 3 (–7) -lobed; lobes ascending to spreading, linear to oblong, medium length to long, arising near or below mid length, central lobe apex rounded to obtuse, lateral ones acute. Calyces colored as bracts, 15–20 mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 5.5–8 mm, 30–50% of calyx length, ± deeper than laterals, sometimes appearing subequal in pressed specimens, lateral 5–6 mm, ca. 33% of calyx length; lobes linear to narrowly lanceolate, sometimes expanded towards apices, apex acute. Corollas straight or slightly curved, 14–22 mm; tube 7–14 mm; beak tip barely exserted from calyx; beak adaxially greenish, 4–7 mm; abaxial lip green to yellow, reduced, 1–4 mm, usually less than 67% as long as beak; teeth erect, white to yellow, 1–2.5 mm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Dry to moist slopes and meadows, shores, open conifer forests, montane to alpine.
Elevation: 2100–3800 m.

Discussion

Castilleja lineata is restricted to the mountains of northeastern Arizona, southern Colorado, and northwestern New Mexico. It is uncommon throughout its range and is without apparent close relatives. The Navajo used C. lineata as a medicinal plant and for its sweet nectar (D. E. Moerman 1998).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"arising" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja lineata"
green +  and yellow +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Greene +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
pale yellow-orange;yellow;proximally green;yellow-green +
3(-7)-lobed +, narrowly lanceolate +  and narrowly oblong or broadly lanceolate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Linear-lobed or lineated paintbrush +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
curved +  and straight +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
Ariz. +, Colo. +  and N.Mex. +
2100–3800 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Dry to moist slopes and meadows, shores, open conifer forests, montane to alpine. +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
spreading-reflexed +  and more or less appressed +
white-woolly +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
linear;narrowly oblong or narrowly lanceolate +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
Acute (?) +, Rounded (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
below mid below mid lobes length +, ascending +  and spreading +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
linear +  and narrowly lanceolate +
expanded +
3-7-lobed +, wavy +  and plane +
stipitate-glandular +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
ascending +  and erect +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja lineata +
Castilleja +
species +
white +  and yellow +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +