Castilleja miniata var. oblongifolia

(A. Gray) Munz

Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 31: 69. 1932.

Illustrated
Basionyms: Castilleja oblongifolia A. Gray in A. Gray et al. Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 296. 1878
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 629. Mentioned on page 627, 628, 630.

Herbs 2.4–8 dm; with a taproot. Stems glabrous or glabrate proximally, hairy medially and distally, hairs moderately dense, appressed to weakly spreading, short to long, soft, eglandular to sometimes stipitate-glandular. Leaves appressed-ascending, ascending, or spreading, narrowly lanceolate to narrowly oblong or ovate, slightly to moderately thickened and slightly fleshy, sometimes thin and not fleshy, margins plane, rarely wavy, flat, 0 (–3) -lobed, apex acute. Bracts distally red, red-orange, pale orange, pink, salmon, or reddish magenta, 0–5-lobed; lobe apex acute to acuminate. Calyces 19–38 mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 4–24 mm, 40% of calyx length, subequal or abaxial longer, lateral 2–12 mm, 10–25% of calyx length; lobes linear to narrowly lanceolate, apex acuminate. Corollas 28–48 mm; beak 15–25 mm; abaxial lip dark green or yellowish to whitish, 1–2.5 mm, 5–15% as long as beak.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Sep(–Oct).
Habitat: Stream banks, seeps and damp ground in open conifer forests, roadside banks.
Elevation: 600–2800 m.

Distribution

Calif., Mexico (Baja California)

Discussion

Variety oblongifolia largely replaces var. miniata from the upper elevations of the San Bernardino and eastern San Gabriel mountains in San Bernardino County, as well as the Cuyamaca and Laguna mountains in San Diego County, and it extends southward into the mountains of northwestern Baja California, particularly in the Sierra Juarez. Variety oblongifolia rarely has oblong leaves, but it differs from var. miniata in its densely puberulent stems and leaves, unusually long, narrow, acuminate calyx lobes, usually ascending-appressed leaves that are often brittle and slightly fleshy, and usually pale orange-red inflorescences. While they are occasionally found singly in populations of the nominate variety, the combination of these otherwise unusual characters is unique in var. oblongifolia.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thin" is not a number."medium" is not a number.

144 +, 120 +, 96 +, 72 +, 48 +  and 24 +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
yellowish +  and whitish +
ascending +  and incurved +
not inflated +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Acuminate (?) +  and Acute (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
(A. Gray) Munz +
Castilleja oblongifolia +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
reddish magenta;salmon;reddish magenta;salmon;pink;pale orange;red-orange;red +
0-5-lobed +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
subequal +
1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br /> (3.8 cm38 mm <br />0.038 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
0-5(-7)-lobed +, lanceolate +  and oblong-ovate +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br /> (4.8 cm48 mm <br />0.048 m <br />) +
Calif. +  and Mexico (Baja California) +
600–2800 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Stream banks, seeps and damp ground in open conifer forests, roadside banks. +
appressed +  and weakly spreading +
stipitate-glandular +
short to long +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (22 cm220 mm <br />0.22 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (9.5 cm95 mm <br />0.095 m <br />) +
green +  and purple +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
narrowly lanceolate;narrowly oblong or ovate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
not fleshy +  and fleshy +
above mid lobes +, arising +, erect +  and ascending-spreading +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
linear +  and narrowly lanceolate +
subequal +
0(-3)-lobed +, wavy +  and plane +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Sep(–Oct). +
Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. +
slender +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
Illustrated +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
branched +  and rooting +
creeping +  and decumbent +
aerial +  and subterranean +
erect +  and ascending +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja miniata var. oblongifolia +
Castilleja miniata +
variety +
white +  and green +
shallow;deep +
erect +  and incurved +
reduced +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +