Castilleja mogollonica

Pennell

Notul. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 237: 1. 1951.

Common names: Mogollon or White Mountains paintbrush
EndemicConservation concern
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 632. Mentioned on page 578, 634.

Herbs, perennial, 2.5–5 dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot. Stems few to several, ascending to erect, unbranched or branched distally, sometimes with a few small, leafy axillary shoots, hairs spreading, long, soft, eglandular. Leaves green to purple-tinged, sometimes purple, narrowly to broadly lanceolate, 2.5–5 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, sometimes ± wavy, flat, 0 (–5) -lobed, apex acuminate; lobes ascending-spreading, linear to narrowly lanceolate, apex acute. Inflorescences 3–15 × 2–4 cm; bracts proximally greenish, distally yellow-green, green, pale-yellow, cream, or pale orange, often tinged with bright orange along margins, aging dull pink, broadly lanceolate to oblong or obovate, (0–) 3–5 (–7) -lobed; lobes ascending to erect, linear to narrowly lanceolate, medium length, arising above or below mid length, central lobe apex rounded to obtuse, lateral ones usually acute. Calyces colored as bracts, 13–20 mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 5–9 mm, 33–50% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 1–2 mm, 7–25% of calyx length; lobes oblong, apex acute to rounded. Corollas straight, (15–) 17–27 mm; tube 11–12 mm; beak exserted, adaxially green, 9–10 mm; abaxial lip green, reduced, visible in front cleft, 0.5–2 mm, 10–20% as long as beak; teeth incurved to erect, green, 0.5–1 mm. 2n = 24, 48.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Sep.
Habitat: Subalpine wet meadows and springs, mixed conifer forests, volcanic soils.
Elevation: 2600–2900 m.

Discussion

Castilleja mogollonica is endemic to the Mogollon Rim in the White Mountains of Apache County. It is frequently confused with the widespread C. septentrionalis but is amply distinct therefrom. This species faces threats from grazing, road building, and recreational activities. It occasionally hybridizes with C. nelsonii.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"medium" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja mogollonica"
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +  and Rounded (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Pennell +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
pink;bright orange;tinged;pale orange;cream;pale orange;cream;pale-yellow;green;yellow-green;greenish +
(0-)3-5(-7)-lobed +, broadly lanceolate +  and oblong or obovate +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Mogollon or White Mountains paintbrush +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
2600–2900 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Subalpine wet meadows and springs, mixed conifer forests, volcanic soils. +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
green +  and purple-tinged +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
lanceolate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
below mid below mid lobes +, arising +, ascending +  and erect +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
oblong +, linear +  and narrowly lanceolate +
subequal +
0(-5)-lobed +, wavy +  and plane +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jun–Sep. +
Notul. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
branched +  and unbranched +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
ascending +  and erect +
few;several +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja mogollonica +
Castilleja +
species +
shallow;deep +
incurved +  and erect +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +