Castilleja parviflora

Bongard

Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2(2): 158. 1832.

Common names: Mountain or rosy or small-flowered paintbrush
IllustratedEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 640. Mentioned on page 576, 637, 644.

Herbs, perennial, (0.6–) 1–4 (–5) dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot or stout, branched roots. Stems several or many, erect or ascending, unbranched except for short, leafy axillary shoots, glabrate proximally, hairy distally, hairs sparse, spreading, ± matted, long, soft, minute-glandular. Leaves green or gray-green to purple-tinged or deep purple, often blackening on drying, narrowly to broadly lanceolate or elliptic, rarely linear, 1.5–5 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, sometimes ± wavy, flat, (0–) 3–9-lobed, apex acute to acuminate or obtuse; lobes spreading or ascending, linear, sometimes lanceolate, much narrower than terminal lobe, evenly spaced, short, apex acute. Inflorescences 2–16 × 1–3.5 cm; bracts proximally greenish, dull, deep purple, or reddish purple, distally pink, pink-purple, magenta, deep rose, crimson, cream, or white, sometimes red, pale orange, or red-orange, lanceolate to broadly elliptic or ovate, 3–7-lobed; lobes spreading to ascending, linear, lanceolate, or lanceolate-acuminate, short to medium length, arising at or near mid length, apex obtuse to acute, central lobes sometimes rounded. Calyces colored as bracts, 12–28 mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 6–15 mm, 40–70% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 1–8 mm, 10–35% of calyx length; lobes narrowly to broadly triangular, sometimes distally expanded and flaring, petaloid, apex obtuse or acute, sometimes rounded. Corollas straight or slightly curved, 12–30 mm; tube 8–19 mm; beak exserted or subequal to calyx, adaxially green-yellowish or red, 5.5–11 mm; abaxial lip green, brown, or yellow, sometimes purple, reduced, slightly or not inflated and pouched, 1–3 mm, 20–45% as long as beak; teeth erect, green, white, yellow, pink, or red, 0.5–2 mm. 2n = 24, 48.

Distribution

Alta., B.C., Yukon, Alaska, Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Varieties 4 (4 in the flora).

Castilleja parviflora is a complex, geographically widespread, and often misunderstood species ranging from southeastern Alaska through much of British Columbia, southwestern Yukon, and the Rocky Mountains of extreme western Alberta and southward in the Cascade Range to central Oregon.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Corollas (18–)20–30 mm; calyces 20–28 mm; leaves (0–)3(–5)-lobed; Oregon, Washington. Castilleja parviflora var. oreopola
1 Corollas 12–20(–25) mm; calyces 12–20(–28) mm; leaves (0–)3–9-lobed; Washington to Alaska, Alberta, and Yukon. > 2
2 Bracts distally white to cream, sometimes suffused with pink to purple; herbs 0.6–2.7 dm; n Cascade Range, Washington and s British Columbia. Castilleja parviflora var. albida
2 Bracts distally pink-purple, magenta, deep rose, or crimson, rarely white; herbs 1.2–5 dm; Olympic Mountains, Washington, w Canada, se Alaska. > 3
3 Leaves (3–)5–9-lobed; corolla beaks 5.5–7 mm; Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon, Alaska. Castilleja parviflora var. parviflora
3 Leaves (0–)3(–5)-lobed; corolla beaks (5.5–)7–9(–11) mm; s Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Olympic Mountains, Washington. Castilleja parviflora var. olympica

"arising" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja parviflora"
yellow +, brown +  and green +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Rounded (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Bongard +
subequal +
0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
red-orange;pale orange;red-orange;pale orange;red;white;cream;white;cream;crimson;rose;deep;magenta;pink-purple;pink;reddish purple;greenish +
3-7-lobed +, lanceolate +  and broadly elliptic or ovate +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Mountain or rosy or small-flowered paintbrush +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
curved +  and straight +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
blackening +, gray-green +  and purple-tinged or deep purple +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
spreading +  and ascending +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
flaring +, triangular +, lanceolate-acuminate +, lanceolate +  and linear +
expanded +
much narrower +
acute +  and acuminate or obtuse +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, sér. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
ascending +  and erect +
many;several +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja parviflora +
Castilleja +
species +
red +, pink +, yellow +, white +  and green +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +