Castilleja praeterita

Heckard & Bacigalupi

Madroño 20: 209, fig. 1. 1970.

Common names: Salmon Creek paintbrush
EndemicConservation concern
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 646. Mentioned on page 577, 647.

Herbs, perennial, (1–) 1.6–4.5 dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot. Stems several to many, ascending to erect, ± decumbent at base, branched or unbranched, sometimes with short, leafy axillary shoots, hairs spreading to ascending, long, soft to ± stiff, mixed with short-eglandular ones. Leaves purple or green, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 3–5 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, partly involute, 3–5-lobed, apex acuminate, acute, or rounded; lobes sometimes divergent, spreading-ascending, linear, apex obtuse to rounded. Inflorescences (2.5–) 5–15 × 1.5–2 cm; bracts proximally green to dull purplish, distally pale reddish purple, dull red, pale salmon, pale orange, or bright to pale-yellow, oblong, 3 (–5) -lobed; lobes spreading to ascending, linear to oblanceolate, distal pair, if present, short and toothlike, short to long, arising at or above mid length, center lobe apex rounded to truncate, lateral lobes obtuse to rounded. Calyces proximally usually whitish, distally colored as bracts, 13–18 mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 5–6 (–9) mm, ca. 50% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 0.5–1.2 mm, ca. 18% of calyx length; lobes ± hemispheric, segments often curved outwards, exposing corollas, apex rounded to obtuse, rarely acute. Corollas straight, 11–16 mm; tube 10–13 mm; beak included or tip exserted; beak adaxially green, 4–5 mm; abaxial lip deep green, reduced, with narrow pouches, 2.5–3 mm, 30–45% as long as beak; teeth reduced to minute apiculations, dark green, 0.5–1 mm. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Dry gravelly meadows and flats, with Artemisia rothrockii, often over granite.
Elevation: 2200–3400 m.

Discussion

Castilleja praeterita is endemic to subalpine, sagebrush-dominated meadows in the southeastern Sierra Nevada of Inyo and Tulare counties. It is closely associated with and likely parasitic on Artemisia rothrockii. Inflorescence coloration varies by population, with some having only yellow-bracted plants, while others are pale orange to pale red with occasional pale yellow variants. Yet other populations have only pale salmon-colored bracts.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"arising" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja praeterita"
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +, Rounded (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Heckard & Bacigalupi +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
pale-yellow;pale orange;pale salmon;red;pale reddish;proximally green;dull purplish +
bright +  and dull +
3(-5)-lobed +  and oblong +
colored +  and whitish +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Salmon Creek paintbrush +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
2200–3400 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Dry gravelly meadows and flats, with Artemisia rothrockii, often over granite. +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
spreading +  and ascending +
stipitate-glandular +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
green +  and purple +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
linear-lanceolate;lanceolate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
spreading +  and ascending +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
hemispheric +, linear +  and oblanceolate +
subequal +
3-5-lobed +  and plane +
short-eglandular +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
unbranched +  and branched +
aerial +  and subterranean +
ascending +  and erect +
several;many +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja praeterita +
Castilleja +
species +
shallow;deep +
reduced +  and minute +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +