Castilleja raupii

Pennell

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 86: 528, fig. [p. 529]. 1934.

Common names: Raup’s paintbrush
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 650. Mentioned on page 574, 604, 639, 640.

Herbs, perennial, (2.5–) 3–5 (–6) dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot. Stems few-to-many, erect to ascending, unbranched or often branched distally, glabrous proximally or hairy, hairs sparse, retrorse, short, ± stiff proximally, distally ± dense, spreading, longer, soft, eglandular throughout. Leaves purple to green, linear to lanceolate-linear, 2–8 (–13) cm, not fleshy, margins plane to slightly wavy, flat or slightly involute, 0-lobed, sometimes 3-lobed distally, immediately below inflorescence, apex narrowly acuminate to acute; lobes ascending, linear, apex acute. Inflorescences 2.5–12 × 1.5–3.5 cm; bracts lavender, pink-purple, or reddish purple throughout, sometimes distally white, cream, or pale-pink, lanceolate, oblong, broadly elliptic, or ovate, 0–5 (–7) -lobed; lobes spreading to ascending, linear to narrowly lanceolate, short, arising above mid length, central lobe apex acute to obtuse, lateral ones acute. Calyces colored as bracts, 13–20 (–25) mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 6–11 mm, 50–60% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 0.5–3.5 (–7) mm, ca. 25–30% of calyx length; lobes lanceolate-linear, apex narrowly acute or acuminate. Corollas straight or slightly curved, 15–20 (–26) mm; tube 10–13 mm; beak and abaxial lip ± exserted; beak adaxially green, 4–6.5 mm; abaxial lip purple, magenta, or red, slightly inflated, pouches 3, 2–5 mm, 75–80% as long as beak; teeth erect, magenta, pink, or red, 1–1.5 mm. 2n = 72.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Damp openings, thickets, stream banks, hummocks in peatlands, meadows, tundra, sandy or gravelly, calcareous ridges and roadsides.
Elevation: 0–2400 m.

Distribution

Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska.

Discussion

Castilleja raupii is a member of the difficult C. pallida species complex. Castilleja raupii is widespread from southern Alaska to northern Alberta, northwards to the shore of the Arctic Sea, and east to the eastern shore of Hudson Bay. Reports from northeastern Russia are mostly referable to the similar Asian species, C. rubra (Drobow) Rebristaya. Castilleja raupii is sometimes confused with the partially sympatric C. elegans, but C. raupii is a taller plant with often somewhat branched, ascending-erect stems and is often found on more mesic substrates than C. elegans. The inflorescences of C. raupii are usually pink to pink-purple, but more variably colored populations are reported from the delta region of the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories of Canada.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"arising" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja raupii"
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
red +, magenta +  and purple +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Pennell +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
pale-pink;cream;pale-pink;cream;white;reddish purple +
0-5(-7)-lobed +, ovate +, elliptic +, oblong +  and lanceolate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Raup’s paintbrush +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
curved +  and straight +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.W.T. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +  and Alaska. +
0–2400 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Damp openings, thickets, stream banks, hummocks in peatlands, meadows, tundra, sandy or gravelly, calcareous ridges and roadsides. +
spreading +  and retrorse +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
purple +  and green +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
linear;lanceolate-linear +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
spreading +  and ascending +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
lanceolate-linear +, linear +  and narrowly lanceolate +
subequal +
3-lobed +, 0-lobed +, plane +  and slightly wavy flat or slightly involute +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jun–Aug. +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
branched +  and unbranched +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
erect +  and ascending +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja raupii +
Castilleja +
species +
red +, pink +  and magenta +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +