Castilleja rubicundula var. lithospermoides

(Bentham) J. M. Egger

Phytologia 90: 78. 2008.

Common names: Cream-sacs
Endemic
Basionyms: Orthocarpus lithospermoides Bentham Scroph. Ind., 13. 1835
Synonyms: Castilleja rubicundula subsp. lithospermoides (Bentham) T. I. Chuang & Heckard
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 652. Mentioned on page 602, 618, 653.

Herbs 0.8–4.4 dm. Leaves 0–5 (–7) -lobed, lobes ascending-spreading. Bracts 5–7 (–9) -lobed. Corollas: abaxial lip light to bright-yellow, in most populations quickly fading to white and in a few populations then to pink or pink-purple, small purple or reddish dots near base, teeth yellow or white.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jun(–Jul).
Habitat: Grasslands, damp flats, springs, vernal pools, roadbanks, coastal valleys and foothills, sometimes on serpentine.
Elevation: 0–2100 m.

Discussion

Variety lithospermoides is found in open grassland valleys along the North Coast and west of the Sierra Nevada in central and north-central California, especially in the regions west of the Sacramento Valley. It is known in southern Oregon from a single collection by T. J. Howell in the late 1800s and is apparently extirpated from that state. Variety lithospermoides is similar to and sometimes confused with Castilleja lacera or with Triphysaria versicolor subsp. faucibarbata. A peculiar form from Inverness, Marin County, was named Orthocarpus noctuinus Eastwood and later treated by some as a hybrid with C. densiflora.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"acute" is not a number."medium" is not a number.

0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
light +  and bright-yellow +
Acuminate (?) +  and Acute (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
(Bentham) J. M. Egger +
white +, yellow +, reddish dots +, small purple +  and pink +
Orthocarpus lithospermoides +
puberulent +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
5-7(-9)-lobed +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
subequal +
Cream-sacs +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
Calif. +  and Oreg. +
0–2100 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Grasslands, damp flats, springs, vernal pools, roadbanks, coastal valleys and foothills, sometimes on serpentine. +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
green +  and purple-tinged or dark redbrown +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
0-5(-7)-lobed +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
ascending-spreading +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
lanceolate +  and linear-lanceolate +
subequal +
0-7-lobed +  and plane +
stipitate-glandular +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Apr–Jun(–Jul). +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
branched +  and unbranched +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Castilleja rubicundula subsp. lithospermoides +
Castilleja rubicundula var. lithospermoides +
Castilleja rubicundula +
variety +
white +, yellow +, reddish dots +, small purple +  and pink +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +