Castilleja scabrida var. barnebyana

(Eastwood) N. H. Holmgren in A. Cronquist et al.

Intermount. Fl. 4: 488. 1984.

Common names: Barneby’s paintbrush
Endemic
Basionyms: Castilleja barnebyana Eastwood Leafl. W. Bot. 3: 88. 1941
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 655. Mentioned on page 654.

Stems greenish. Leaves greenish, rarely reddish purple to grayish green, 0–3 (–5) -lobed, lobes spreading-ascending, sometimes divergent, linear. Bracts: distally bright red, sometimes orange-red or brick-red; lobe apex acute. Calyces: lateral clefts 3–6 mm. Corollas: tube (12–) 14–20 mm; beak adaxially green to yellow.


Phenology: Flowering May–Jul.
Habitat: Sun or shade, rocky slopes, ledges, ridges, sagebrush steppes, limestone.
Elevation: 2100–2600 m.

Discussion

Variety barnebyana grows on limestone substrates in the mountains of eastern Nevada and western Utah. It is frequently parasitic on Petrophyton caespitosum, a mat-forming plant from which the stems of the Castilleja often emerge, though the relationship is not obligate.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
(Eastwood) N. H. Holmgren in A. Cronquist et al. +
Castilleja barnebyana +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
brick-red;orange-red;bright red +
3-5(-7)-lobed +, linear +  and lanceolate +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (3.3 cm33 mm <br />0.033 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Barneby’s paintbrush +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
curved +  and straight +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Nev. +  and Utah. +
2100–2600 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Sun or shade, rocky slopes, ledges, ridges, sagebrush steppes, limestone. +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
rarely reddish purple +  and grayish green +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
0-3(-5)-lobed +
reduced +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
spreading-ascending +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
triangular +, lanceolate +  and linear-lanceolate +
expanded +
0-3(-5)-lobed +, involute +, flat +  and plane +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering May–Jul. +
Intermount. Fl. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
sprawling +  and decumbent +
aerial +  and subterranean +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja scabrida var. barnebyana +
Castilleja scabrida +
variety +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +