Castilleja subinclusa var. franciscana

(Pennell) G. L. Nesom

Phytologia 73: 409. 1992.

Common names: Franciscan paintbrush
EndemicConservation concern
Basionyms: Castilleja franciscana Pennell Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 99: 188. 1947
Synonyms: C. subinclusa subsp. franciscana (Pennell) T. I. Chuang & Heckard
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 658. Mentioned on page 659.

Herbs 2.8–6.3 dm. Stems greenish, sometimes reddish, hairs matted to spreading, medium length or long. Leaves green, sometimes dull reddish, linear-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, margins plane, sometimes ± wavy; lobe apex acute. Inflorescences 5–17 × 1.5–5 cm; bracts green or purple throughout, or distally bright red to orange-red, rarely yellow, 0 (–3) -lobed. Calyces proximally green, pale green, or pale-purple, distal 2/3 red to orange, 35–42 mm; abaxial clefts 20–27 mm, adaxial 11–13 mm, lateral 0–4 mm; lobe apex acute to obtuse. Corollas 38–57 mm; beak subequal to or exceeding calyx, beak and abaxial lip exserted through abaxial cleft; beak adaxially bright-yellow, sometimes greenish yellow near apex, margins yellow, rarely orange or red, strongly contrasting with color of calyx; abaxial lip green or yellow; teeth green or yellow, 0.5–1 mm. 2n = 24, 48, 72, 96.


Phenology: Flowering Mar–Jul.
Habitat: Coastal scrub.
Elevation: 0–600 m.

Discussion

Variety franciscana is found in the coastal counties of northern and central California, from Humboldt County southward to Santa Clara and Santa Cruz counties. It is most common in the San Francisco Bay region. With its bright yellow corollas, it is the most distinctive of the three varieties.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"acute" is not a number."medium" is not a number.

96 +, 72 +, 48 +  and 24 +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br />) +
yellow +  and green +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
lateral +  and deeper +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
(Pennell) G. L. Nesom +
Castilleja franciscana +
subequal +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
yellow;distally bright red;orange-red +
0(-3)-lobed +
red +  and orange +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (4.2 cm42 mm <br />0.042 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Franciscan paintbrush +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
straight +  and slightly curved +
3.8 cm38 mm <br />0.038 m <br /> (5.7 cm57 mm <br />0.057 m <br />) +
0(-3)-lobed;sometimes broadly lanceolate;oblong or elliptic +
0–600 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Coastal scrub. +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
reddish +  and green +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
linear-lanceolate;narrowly lanceolate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10.5 cm105 mm <br />0.105 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
above mid lobes +, arising +, spreading +  and erect +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
linear +  and narrowly triangular +
subequal +
red +, orange +  and yellow +
wavy +  and plane +
short-stipitate-glandular +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Mar–Jul. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
branched +  and unbranched +
reddish +  and greenish +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
leaning +, erect +  and ascending +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
C. subinclusa subsp. franciscana +
Castilleja subinclusa var. franciscana +
Castilleja subinclusa +
variety +
yellow +  and green +
shallow;deep +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.9 cm29 mm <br />0.029 m <br />) +