Castilleja suksdorfii

A. Gray

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 311. 1887.

Common names: Suksdorf’s paintbrush
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 659. Mentioned on page 575.

Herbs, perennial, 3–5 (–8) dm; from slender, creeping rhizomes. Stems solitary, sometimes few, erect from a slender, creeping base, unbranched, glabrate or hairs spreading, long, soft to ± stiff and shorter, stipitate-glandular. Leaves green, distal sometimes red-tipped, linear-lanceolate, sometimes distal broadly lanceolate or ovate, 1.2–8.9 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, flat or slightly involute, 0–5 (–7) -lobed, apex acute to acuminate, sometimes obtuse or rounded; lateral lobes spreading-ascending or widely spreading, linear, often much narrower than mid-blade, apex acute. Inflorescences 2.5–9 (–11) × 2–5.5 cm; bracts proximally greenish, distally abruptly red to orange-red, often with a yellow, rarely purplish, medial band, narrowly lanceolate to ovate, 3–7 (–11) -lobed; lobes spreading to erect, linear, narrowly lanceolate, or narrowly oblanceolate, long, arising below mid length, apex acute to obtuse. Calyces colored as bracts, 20–30 mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 11–18 mm, 50–75% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 8–12 mm, 30–50% of calyx length; lobes linear, apex acute. Corollas ± curved, 30–50 mm; tube 11–18 mm; beak exserted, adaxially green, 18–20 mm; abaxial lip deep green, reduced, 1 mm, 10% as long as beak; teeth ascending, deep green, 1 mm. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Sep.
Habitat: Mesic to wet meadows, marshes, peatlands, springs, stream margins, montane to subalpine.
Elevation: 1000–2200 m.

Discussion

Castilleja suksdorfii is endemic to wet habitats in the Cascade Range from the Goat Rocks Wilderness Area in Yakima County, Washington, south to the vicinity of Crater Lake National Park in Klamath County, Oregon. Reports of this species farther north in Washington and southern British Columbia are referable to C. rupicola. Castilleja suksdorfii is a polyploid species and may be of hybrid origin.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"acute" is not a number."often much narrower" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja suksdorfii"
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
Acute (?) +, Rounded (?) +, Obtuse (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
A. Gray +
slender +
1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
distally abruptly red;orange-red +
3-7(-11)-lobed +, narrowly lanceolate +  and ovate +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Suksdorf’s paintbrush +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
linear-lanceolate +
Oreg. +  and Wash. +
1000–2200 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Mesic to wet meadows, marshes, peatlands, springs, stream margins, montane to subalpine. +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
stipitate-glandular +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
spreading +  and spreading-ascending +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
ovate;lanceolate +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (8.9 cm89 mm <br />0.089 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
arising +, spreading +  and erect +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
oblanceolate +, lanceolate +  and linear +
subequal +
0-5(-7)-lobed +, involute +, flat +  and plane +
purplish +  and yellow +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jun–Sep. +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Euchroma +  and Oncorhynchus +
Castilleja suksdorfii +
Castilleja +
species +
reduced +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +