Castilleja wootonii

Standley

Muhlenbergia 5: 84. 1909.

Common names: Wooton’s paintbrush
Endemic
Synonyms: Castilleja ciliata Pennell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 665. Mentioned on page 581, 622.

Herbs, perennial, 1.6–6.5 dm; from a woody caudex; with a woody taproot or branching roots. Stems solitary or few-to-many, erect, unbranched to much-branched, glabrous or hairy proximally and/or distally, hairs sparse to dense, spreading to erect, short to fairly long, soft, eglandular. Leaves green, narrowly lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, linear, or narrowly elliptic, 2–8 cm, not fleshy, margins plane, sometimes ± wavy, flat or involute, 0 (–5) -lobed, apex acuminate; lobes widely spreading, linear to narrowly lanceolate, apex acute. Inflorescences 3–16 × 2–3.5 cm; bracts proximally greenish, distally red to orange-red, sometimes with a purplish medial band, lanceolate to broadly lanceolate or ovate in outline, (0–) 3–5 (–7) -lobed, sometimes also with 4 small teeth; lobes ascending, linear-lanceolate, long, arising above or below mid length, apex acuminate, acute, or obtuse. Calyces proximally green, distally red, 20–25 mm; abaxial clefts 11–14 (–17) mm, adaxial 8–9 mm, abaxial 50–60% of calyx length, adaxial 35–40% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 5–7 mm, 10–15% of calyx length; lobes lanceolate to narrowly triangular, apex acute to acuminate. Corollas slightly to moderately curved distally, 25–37 mm; tube 16–20 mm; beak exserted 10–16 mm beyond calyx, adaxially green to yellowish, 11–25 mm; abaxial lip green or red, small, inconspicuous, visible through cleft of calyx, 2 mm, 15–20% as long as beak; teeth incurved, green or red, 0.7–1.5 mm.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Sep.
Habitat: Grasslands, rocky slopes, ledges, canyons, open forests, montane to subalpine.
Elevation: 2000–3700 m.

Discussion

Castilleja wootonii is endemic to the White Mountains (Sierra Blanca) in south-central New Mexico and to the Mt. Livermore massif of western Texas. It should be sought in the intervening Guadalupe Mountains. Based on morphology, C. wootonii appears to be a southern derivative of C. linariifolia.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"acuminate" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja wootonii"
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
red +  and green +
visible +  and inconspicuous +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Standley +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
distally red;orange-red +
(0-)3-5(-7)-lobed +, lanceolate +  and broadly lanceolate or ovate +
red +  and green +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Wooton’s paintbrush +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.7 cm37 mm <br />0.037 m <br />) +
N.Mex. +  and Tex. +
2000–3700 m. +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
Grasslands, rocky slopes, ledges, canyons, open forests, montane to subalpine. +
sparse +  and dense +
spreading +  and erect +
stipitate-glandular +
short to fairly +
axillary +  and terminal +
elliptic +  and linear +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
narrowly lanceolate;linear-lanceolate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
arising +, ascending +  and spreading +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
lanceolate +  and narrowly triangular +
subequal +
0(-5)-lobed +, involute +, flat +, wavy +  and plane +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Flowering Jun–Sep. +
Muhlenbergia +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
unbranched +  and much-branched +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Castilleja ciliata +
Castilleja wootonii +
Castilleja +
species +
red +  and green +
shallow;deep +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +