Cerastium brachypodum

(Engelm. ex A. Gray) B. L. Rob.

Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5(Sig. 10): 150. 27 Apr 1894.

Common names: Short-stalked mouse-ear chickweed
Illustrated
Basionym: Cerastium nutans var. brachypodum Engelmann ex A. Gray Manual ed. 5, 94. 1867
Synonyms: Cerastium adsurgens Greene Cerastium brachypodum var. compactum B. L. Robinson
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 83. Mentioned on page 75, 81, 84, 85.

Plants annual, with filiform taproot. Stems erect, simple or several from branched caudex, 5–20 cm, glandular-pubescent, nodes without long, wooly hairs; small axillary tufts of leaves absent. Leaves sessile, not marcescent, usually confined to proximal 1/2 of plant; midstem leaves with blade lanceolate to narrowly elliptic or oblanceolate, 5–30 × 2–8 mm, apex ± acute, usually rather sparsely, softly pubescent; proximal leaves sometimes forming loose rosette, blade ovate to obovate or spatulate, apex ± obtuse. Inflorescences compact to open, dichotomous, 3–30-flowered cymes, confined to distal portion of stem; bracts herbaceous, lanceolate, glandular-puberulent. Pedicels often becoming deflexed at base, 3–10 (–12) mm, 0.5–1.25 times as long as sepals in flower, elongating to equaling capsule, glandular-pubescent. Flowers: sepals broadly lanceolate, 3–4.5 mm, apex subacute, glandular-puberulent to glabrate, hairs shorter than sepal tip, outer sepals herbaceous or with narrow margins, inner with broad margins; petals ovate-elliptic, 3–4 mm, equaling or shorter than sepals, apex 2-fid; stamens 10; styles 5. Capsules cylindric, curved, 6–12 mm, 2–2.25 times as long as sepals; teeth 10, erect, margins convolute. Seeds golden brown, 0.4–0.7 mm diam., tuberculate, especially around edge; testa not inflated. 2n = 34.


Phenology: Flowering spring and early summer.
Habitat: Grasslands, fields, meadows, open woods, roadsides, waste places, often in seasonally wet rocky or sandy ground
Elevation: 100-2700 m

Distribution

V5 169-distribution-map.gif

Alta., Man., Ont., Sask., Ala., Ariz., Ark., Colo., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., La., Mich., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.Mex., N.Dak., Okla., Oreg., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico

Discussion

Cerastium brachypodum differs from C. nutans in its smaller size; its short pedicels, which often become deflexed at the base instead of near the capsule; and its pubescence, which is usually sparser and lacks any long, lanate hairs. However, some specimens from the arid region of the southwest have a dense gray pubescence. Plants from the Arizona desert, which have particularly long and narrow capsules, are the basis for the erroneous report of C. gracile Dufour from that region.

Cerastium fastigiatum can be very similar to C. brachypodum but differs in its longer pedicels, narrowly acute leaves, glandular pubescence on the stems, and much more branched (fastigiate) habit.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"-2.25timesaslongassepals" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."elongating" is not a number.

... more about "Cerastium brachypodum"
perigynous +  and hypogynous +
glandular-puberulent +  and glabrate +
John K. Morton +
(Engelm. ex A. Gray) B. L. Rob. +
Cerastium nutans var. brachypodum +
elliptic to broadly ovate +  and linear +
ovate +  and obovate or spatulate +
glandular-puberulent +
lanceolate +
reduced +
herbaceous +  and scarious +
glandular-pubescent +
8 +  and 6 +
cylindric +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Short-stalked mouse-ear chickweed +
3-30-flowered +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
Alta. +, Man. +, Ont. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Colo. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, La. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, N.Dak. +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and Mexico +
100-2700 m +
straight +  and curved +
central +  and peripheral +
pistillate +  and subsessile +
inconspicuous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
stalked +  and simple +
Grasslands, fields, meadows, open woods, roadsides, waste places, often in seasonally wet rocky or sandy ground +
disc--shaped +  and dish +
dichotomous +, compact +  and open +
not marcescent +
connate +
translucent +  and purplish +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
swollen +
with narrow margins +  and herbaceous +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.5-1.25 times as long as sepals +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
perigynous +  and hypogynous +
fugacious +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Flowering spring and early summer. +
Mem. Torrey Bot. Club +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br />) +
tuberculate +
compressed +  and angular-obovate +
persistent +
distinct +
lanceolate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
subterminal +
[30 +  and 5 +
roughened +  and papillate +
distinct +
clavate +  and filiform +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Cerastium adsurgens +  and Cerastium brachypodum var. compactum +
rooting +  and rhizomatous +
Cerastium brachypodum +
Cerastium +
species +
not inflated +
divided +
10 +  and 8 +
rhizomatous +  and taprooted +
pubescence of simple hairs or stalked glands +  and glabrous +
19 +, 18 +, 17 +, 15] +, 13 +  and [9 +