Ceratodon purpureus subsp. purpureus

Synonyms: Dicranum purpurascens Hedwig
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 447.

Plants in open to dense tufts, turfs, or mats, green, dark green, to brownish green, rarely yellow-green. Stems (0.3–) 0.6–1.4 (–4) cm. Leaves erect-patent to contorted or somewhat crisped when dry, rarely forming a comal tuft, patent to erect-patent to spreading when wet, 0.35–2.8 mm, distal margins usually toothed; costa percurrent to slightly excurrent. Seta usually red to dark-brown. Capsule usually inclined to horizontal, (0.8–) 1.3–1.8 (–3) mm, usually arcuate, red to redbrown to purplish to, occasionally, light-brown, deeply sulcate when dry, usually strumose, occasionally light-brown. Peristome teeth usually bordered, usually with 8–16 articulations.


Phenology: Capsules mature early summer–late fall.
Habitat: Various habitats, but most common on open soil, also rock ledges, tree bases, roof tops, old wood, a common colonizer of soil following fires
Elevation: low to high elevations

Distribution

V27 643-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., N.S., Nunavut, Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Ala., Alaska, Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont., Nebr., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico, Eurasia, Pacific Islands (Hawaii)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
forming a marginal border +  and not differentiated +
Terry T. McIntosh +
(Hedwig) Bridel +
finely papillose;spinulose-papillose +
Dicranum purpureum +
cucullate +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
light-brown;light-brown;red;redbrown +
cleistocarpous +
free;united +
usually inclined;horizontal +
0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
deciduous +
percurrent;slightly excurrent +
subpercurrent +
shortrectangular +  and isodiametric +
Greenland +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Ala. +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Mexico +, Eurasia +  and Pacific Islands (Hawaii) +
low to high elevations +
Various habitats, but most common on open soil, also rock ledges, tree bases, roof tops, old wood, a common colonizer of soil following fires +
straight +
crisped +
quadrate +
0.035 cm0.35 mm <br />3.5e-4 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
smooth +  and serrate +
obtuse;recurved;rarely plane +
dioicous +  and sexual +
rounded +  and angled +
shortrectangular +
conic +  and long-conic +
abruptly subulate +  and gradually acuminate +
with a longer , broader sheathing base +  and differentiated +
long-acuminate +, short-acuminate +, concave +  and ovate +
on short branches +  and axillary +
Capsules mature early summer–late fall. +
well-developed +
filamentous +
Bryol. Univ. +
papillose +
free;united +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
usually red;dark-brown +
elongate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
globose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
Dicranum purpurascens +
Ceratodon purpureus subsp. purpureus +
Ceratodon purpureus +
subspecies +
specialized +
synoicous +, paroicous +, autoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
yellow-green +, dark green +  and brownish green +
female +  and male +
small +  and medium-sized +