Ceratodon purpureus subsp. stenocarpus

(Bruch & Schimper) Dixon

Bull. New Zealand Inst. 3: 50. 1914,.

Basionym: Ceratodon stenocarpus Bryol. Europ. 2: 146. 1846
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 448. Mentioned on page 447.

Plants usually in open turfs and mats, usually yellow-green. Stems (0.3–) 0.6–1.4 (–4) cm. Leaves erect-patent to contorted or somewhat crisped when dry, rarely forming a comal tuft, patent to erect-patent to spreading when wet, 0.35–2.8 mm, distal margins usually toothed; costae percurrent to slightly excurrent. Seta pale-yellow to yellow-orange. Capsule slightly inclined to erect, usually arcuate, (1–) 1.7–2.3 (–3.7) mm, pale-brown to yellow (golden) orange, smooth to sulcate when dry, weakly strumose to struma absent. Peristome teeth usually bordered, usually with 8–16 articulations.


Phenology: Capsules mature early summer–late fall.
Habitat: Soil, tree bases, rock ledges, often on burned ground
Elevation: low to high elevations

Distribution

V27 645-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Calif., N.Mex., Tex., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, n South America, Eurasia, Africa

Discussion

J. S. Burley and N. M. Pritchard (1990) noted that subsp. stenocarpus is mainly tropical to subtropical, and frequently at higher elevations within these regions, but also note its distribution in southwestern North America.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
forming a marginal border +  and not differentiated +
Terry T. McIntosh +
(Bruch & Schimper) Dixon +
finely papillose;spinulose-papillose +
Ceratodon stenocarpus +
cucullate +
smooth +  and sulcate +
0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br /> (0.37 cm3.7 mm <br />0.0037 m <br />) +
pale-brown;yellow orange +
cleistocarpous +
free;united +
slightly inclined;erect +
0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
deciduous +
percurrent;slightly excurrent +
subpercurrent +
shortrectangular +  and isodiametric +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, n South America +, Eurasia +  and Africa +
low to high elevations +
Soil, tree bases, rock ledges, often on burned ground +
straight +
crisped +
quadrate +
0.035 cm0.35 mm <br />3.5e-4 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
smooth +  and serrate +
obtuse;recurved;rarely plane +
dioicous +  and sexual +
rounded +  and angled +
shortrectangular +
conic +  and long-conic +
abruptly subulate +  and gradually acuminate +
with a longer , broader sheathing base +  and differentiated +
long-acuminate +, short-acuminate +, concave +  and ovate +
on short branches +  and axillary +
Capsules mature early summer–late fall. +
well-developed +
filamentous +
Bull. New Zealand Inst. +
papillose +
free;united +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
pale-yellow;yellow-orange +
elongate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
globose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
Ceratodon purpurascens +, Ceratodon purpureus var. purpurascens +  and Ceratodon purpureus var. xanthopus +
Ceratodon purpureus subsp. stenocarpus +
Ceratodon purpureus +
subspecies +
specialized +
synoicous +, paroicous +, autoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
female +  and male +
small +  and medium-sized +