Cheilanthes alabamensis

(Buckley) Kunze

Linnaea 20: 4. 1847.

Common names: Alabama lip fern
Illustrated
Basionyms: Pteris alabamensis Buckley Amer. J. Sci. Arts 45: 177. 1843
Synonyms: Pellaea alabamensis (Buckley) Hooker
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Stems short-creeping to compact, 3–7 mm diam.; scales uniformly brown or slightly darker at base, linear-lanceolate, straight to slightly contorted, loosely appressed, persistent. Leaves clustered, 6–50 cm; vernation noncircinate. Petiole black, rounded adaxially. Blade lanceolate to linear-oblong, 2-pinnate to 2-pinnate-pinnatifid at base, 1–7 cm wide; rachis rounded adaxially, lacking scales, with dimorphic pubescence, abaxially sparsely hirsute, adaxially covered with tortuous, appressed hairs. Pinnae not articulate, dark color of stalk continuing into pinna base, basal pair slightly smaller than adjacent pair, ± equilateral, appearing glabrous or sparsely pubescent adaxially. Costae green adaxially for most of length; abaxial scales absent. Ultimate segments narrowly elliptic to elongate-deltate, not beadlike, the largest 3–7 mm, abaxially and adaxially sparsely hirsute to glabrescent. False indusia marginal to obscurely inframarginal, somewhat differentiated, 0.1–0.4 mm wide. Sori ± continuous around segment margins. Sporangia containing 32 spores. n = 2n = 87, apogamous.


Phenology: Sporulating summer–fall.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, cliffs, and ledges, usually on limestone
Elevation: 100–2000 m

Distribution

V2 385-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ariz., Ark., Ga., Kans., Ky., La., Mo., N.Mex., N.C., Okla., Tenn., Tex., Va., Mexico

Discussion

Plants of Cheilanthes alabamensis occurring in the flora are apogamous triploids; a sexual diploid cytotype has been found in Nuevo León, Mexico (M. D. Windham, unpublished). Given the high degree of morphologic similarity between the two cytotypes, the North American triploid probably was derived from the Mexican diploid through autopolyploidy. In the flora, Cheilanthes alabamensis is most often confused with C. microphylla, from which it is distinguished by having thicker stems, mostly green costae, and 32-spored sporangia.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"wide" is not a number.

... more about "Cheilanthes alabamensis"
Michael D. Windham +  and Eric W. Rabe +
(Buckley) Kunze +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
slightly smaller than adjacent pair +
cuneate +, truncate +  and rounded +
Pteris alabamensis +
scaly rarely glabrous adaxially pubescent +  and glabrous +
lanceolate +  and linear-oblong 2-pinnate +
1cm;7cm +
Alabama lip fern +
Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Ga. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Mo. +, N.Mex. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +  and Mexico +
100–2000 m +
yellow +  and white +
obcordate;reniform +
Rocky slopes, cliffs, and ledges, usually on limestone +
tortuous +
monomorphic +
clustered;widely scattered +
recurved +  and reflexed +
noncircinate +  and circinate +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br />) +
denticulate +  and entire +
glabrous +, scaly +  and pubescent +
Sporulating summer–fall. +
not articulate +
darker;brown +
straight +
persistent +
linear-lanceolate +
Illustrated +
yellowish +, brown +  and black or gray +
cristate +  and tetrahedral-globose +
dark colored +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
ascending +  and horizontal +
Pellaea alabamensis +
Cheilanthes alabamensis +
Cheilanthes +
species +
adaxially sparsely hirsute;glabrescent +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (?) +
crescent--shaped +  and roundish +
branched +  and anastomosing +