Cheilanthes covillei


Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 31: 147. 1918.

Common names: Coville's lip fern
Synonyms: Myriopteris covillei (Maxon) A. Löve & D. Löve
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Stems short-creeping, usually 2–4 mm diam.; scales usually uniformly dark-brown to black or rarely with narrow, light-brown margins, linear-lanceolate, straight to slightly contorted, strongly appressed, persistent. Leaves clustered, 5–30 cm; vernation noncircinate. Petiole dark-brown, rounded adaxially. Blade lanceolate to ovate-deltate, 3–4-pinnate at base, 1.5–5 cm wide; rachis rounded adaxially, somewhat scaly, not pubescent. Pinnae not articulate, dark color of stalk continuing into pinna base, basal pair not conspicuously larger than adjacent pair, usually equilateral, appearing glabrous (or somewhat scaly) adaxially. Costae green adaxially for most of length; abaxial scales multiseriate, ovatelanceolate, deeply cordate at base, with overlapping basal lobes, conspicuous, the largest 0.4–1.5 mm wide, strongly imbricate, usually concealing ultimate segments, ciliate only on basal lobes. Ultimate segments round to oblong, beadlike, the largest 1–3 mm, abaxially glabrous or with a few small scales near base, adaxially glabrous. False indusia marginal, weakly differentiated, 0.05–0.25 mm wide. Sori ± continuous around segment margins. Sporangia containing 64 spores. 2n = 60.

Phenology: Sporulating late spring–fall.
Habitat: Rocky slopes, cliffs, and ledges, usually on igneous substrates
Elevation: 100–2500 m


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Ariz., Calif., Nev., Utah, Mexico in Baja California


Cheilanthes covillei can be difficult to distinguish from the closely related C. intertexta and C. clevelandii; it differs from these two species in having glabrous blades and costal scales ciliate only on the basal lobes. Cheilanthes covillei is occasionally misidentified as C. fendleri because the cilia of the scales are often obscure; it is distinguished from the latter species by having rigid, dark brown stem scales that are strongly appressed. Cheilanthes covillei hybridizes with C. parryi and C. newberryi to form rare, sterile diploids known as C. × parishii Davenport and C. × fibrillosa (Davenport) Davenport ex Underwood, respectively. A third sterile diploid hybrid with C. fendleri has recently been discovered in central Arizona (M. D. Windham, unpublished).

Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Cheilanthes covillei"
cordate +  and ovatelanceolate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
Michael D. Windham +  and Eric W. Rabe +
not conspicuously larger than adjacent pair +
cuneate +, truncate +  and rounded +
scaly rarely glabrous adaxially pubescent +  and glabrous +
lanceolate +  and ovate-deltate +
1.5cm;5cm +
Coville's lip fern +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Nev. +, Utah +  and Mexico in Baja California +
100–2500 m +
0.005 cm0.05 mm <br />5.0e-5 m <br /> (0.025 cm0.25 mm <br />2.5e-4 m <br />) +
yellow +  and white +
obcordate;reniform +
Rocky slopes, cliffs, and ledges, usually on igneous substrates +
monomorphic +
clustered;widely scattered +
recurved +  and reflexed +
noncircinate +  and circinate +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
light-brown +
denticulate +  and entire +
glabrous +, scaly +  and pubescent +
Sporulating late spring–fall. +
not articulate +
Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. +
not pubescent +
rarely;usually uniformly dark-brown;black +
straight +
persistent +
linear-lanceolate +
Illustrated +
yellowish +, brown +  and black or gray +
cristate +  and tetrahedral-globose +
dark colored +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
ascending +  and horizontal +
Myriopteris covillei +
Cheilanthes covillei +
Cheilanthes +
species +
glabrous;with a few small scales;glabrous +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (?) +
crescent--shaped +  and roundish +
branched +  and anastomosing +