Cheilanthes fendleri

Hooker

Sp. Fil. 2: 103, plate 107b. 1852.

Common names: Fendler's lip fern
Illustrated
Synonyms: Myriopteris fendleri (Hooker) E. Fournier
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Stems long-creeping, 1–3 mm diam.; scales mostly uniformly brown, ovatelanceolate, straight to slightly contorted, loosely appressed, often deciduous on older portions of stem. Leaves scattered, 7–30 cm; vernation noncircinate. Petiole usually dark-brown, rounded adaxially. Blade lanceolate to ovate-deltate, 3–4-pinnate at base, 1.5–5 cm wide; rachis rounded adaxially, somewhat scaly, not pubescent. Pinnae not articulate, dark color of stalk continuing into pinna base, basal pair not conspicuously larger than adjacent pair, usually equilateral, appearing glabrous adaxially. Costae green adaxially for most of length; abaxial scales multiseriate, lanceolate-ovate, truncate or subcordate at base, without overlapping basal lobes, conspicuous, the largest 0.4–1.2 mm wide, strongly imbricate, often concealing ultimate segments, entire to denticulate, not ciliate. Ultimate segments round to oblong, beadlike, the largest 1.5–3 mm, abaxially glabrous or with a few small scales near base, adaxially glabrous. False indusia marginal, weakly differentiated, 0.05–0.25 mm wide. Sori ± continuous around segment margins. Sporangia containing 64 spores. 2n = 60.


Phenology: Sporulating summer–fall.
Habitat: Rocky slopes and ledges, found on a variety of acidic and mildly basic substrates
Elevation: 1200–3100 m

Distribution

V2 86-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Colo., N.Mex., Tex., n Mexico

Discussion

Young, sterile plants of Cheilanthes fendleri are occasionally misidentified as C. pringlei; they are distinguished from that species by having rachises that are rounded (not grooved) adaxially. Cheilanthes fendleri apparently hybridizes with both C. wootonii (T. Reeves 1979) and C. covillei (M. D. Windham, unpublished).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Cheilanthes fendleri"
subcordate +, truncate +  and lanceolate-ovate +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
Michael D. Windham +  and Eric W. Rabe +
Hooker +
not conspicuously larger than adjacent pair +
cuneate +, truncate +  and rounded +
scaly rarely glabrous adaxially pubescent +  and glabrous +
lanceolate +  and ovate-deltate +
1.5cm;5cm +
Fendler's lip fern +
Ariz. +, Colo. +, N.Mex. +, Tex. +  and n Mexico +
1200–3100 m +
0.005 cm0.05 mm <br />5.0e-5 m <br /> (0.025 cm0.25 mm <br />2.5e-4 m <br />) +
yellow +  and white +
obcordate;reniform +
Rocky slopes and ledges, found on a variety of acidic and mildly basic substrates +
monomorphic +
recurved +  and reflexed +
noncircinate +  and circinate +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
denticulate +  and entire +
glabrous +, scaly +  and pubescent +
Sporulating summer–fall. +
not articulate +
not pubescent +
straight +
deciduous +
ovatelanceolate +
Illustrated +
yellowish +, brown +  and black or gray +
cristate +  and tetrahedral-globose +
dark colored +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
ascending +  and horizontal +
Myriopteris fendleri +
Cheilanthes fendleri +
Cheilanthes +
species +
glabrous;with a few small scales;glabrous +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (?) +
crescent--shaped +  and roundish +
branched +  and anastomosing +