Chelone glabra

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 611. 1753.

Common names: White turtlehead galane glabre
IllustratedEndemic
Synonyms: Chelone chlorantha Pennell & Wherry C. glabra var. dilatata Fernald & Wiegand C. glabra var. elatior Rafinesque C. glabra subsp. linifolia (N. Coleman) Pennell C. glabra var. linifolia N. Coleman
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 59. Mentioned on page 52, 57, 58, 60.

Stems 20–230 cm. Leaves: petiole (0–) 2–10 (–20) mm; blade broadly elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 17–230 × 6–54 mm, base cuneate, margins once-serrate, teeth 1–6 per cm, abaxial surface glabrous or pilose, rarely tomentose, adaxial glabrate or mostly glabrous. Cymes 30–115 mm; bracts 4–23 × 3–10 mm, ape× acute to acuminate, rarely obtuse. Flowers: caly× lobes 5–11 × 3–8 mm, margins not or sparsely, rarely densely, ciliate; corolla completely white to white in tube and distally green-white, pink, red, or purple, tube 13–20 mm, abaxial lobes 6–16 × 5–15 mm, adaxial slightly keeled; palate white-bearded, rarely green-yellow-bearded; adaxial filaments (10–) 15–24 mm; staminode 4–12 (–16) mm, ape× green; style 15–30 mm. 2n = 28.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Nov.
Habitat: Bogs, fens, marshes, swamps, seeps, stream banks, wet meadows and woods, margins of ponds and lakes.
Elevation: 0–2000 m.

Distribution

St. Pierre and Miquelon, Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

A tetraploid population reported for Chelone glabra (T. S. Cooperrider 1970) likely is based on a misidentified specimen of C. obliqua var. erwiniae.

Chelone glabra has been proposed as a diploid progenitor for the allopolyploid C. obliqua (A. D. Nelson 1995; Nelson and W. J. Elisens 1999).

Infraspecific variants of Chelone glabra as proposed by F. W. Pennell (1935) are not recognized here because morphological variation within and among populations appears to be independent of geography. Qualitative and quantitative characters used to distinguish varieties have been shown to be highly variable; recognition of varieties is unwarranted (A. D. Nelson 1995; Nelson and W. J. Elisens 1999).

Chelone glabra in central Maine is visited exclusively by two species of bumblebees (Bombus fervidus and B. vagans) (B. Heinrich 1975). American Indians and pioneers used C. glabra as a tonic, laxative, and treatment for jaundice and internal parasites, and as an ointment to relieve itching and inflammation (C. S. Rafinesque 1828[–1830]); it is also used as an ornamental in bog gardens.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Chelone glabra"
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
ovate;rounded +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
elliptic to narrowly +  and elliptic +
tomentose +, pilose +  and glabrous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and glabrate +
Allan D. Nelson +
Linnaeus +
alternate +, opposite +, whorled +, helical +  and subopposite +
cuneate +
elliptic +  and elliptic to narrowly +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (23 cm230 mm <br />0.23 m <br />) +
not leathery +  and not fleshy +
6mm;54mm +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br />) +
obtuse;acuminate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
White turtlehead +  and galane glabre +
purple +, red +, pink +, green-white +, completely white +  and white +
spikelike +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (11.5 cm115 mm <br />0.115 m <br />) +
St. Pierre and Miquelon +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
drupe-like +
0–2000 m. +
curved +  and straight +
pubescent +  and villous +
1 +  and 4 +
Bogs, fens, marshes, swamps, seeps, stream banks, wet meadows and woods, margins of ponds and lakes. +
persistent +  and deciduous +
entire +  and subentire toothed or lobed +
axile +  and parietal +
basal +, apical +  and superior +
tenuinucellate +, unitegmic +  and hemitropous +
campylotropous +, hemianatropous +  and anatropous +
green-yellow-bearded +  and white-bearded +
5 +  and 4 +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Nov. +
minute +
globular +  and ovoid +
campanulate +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (?) +  and 1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (?) +
climbing +  and scrambling +
sprawling +, creeping +  and prostrate +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (230 cm2,300 mm <br />2.3 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Chelone chlorantha +, C. glabra var. dilatata +, C. glabra var. elatior +, C. glabra subsp. linifolia +  and C. glabra var. linifolia +
Chelone glabra +
species +
gibbous +  and not spurred +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +