Chenia

R. H. Zander

Phytologia 65: 424. 1989 ,.

Etymology: For Chen Pan Chieh, 1907–1970, Chinese bryologist
Basionym: Phascum sect. Leptophascum Müller Hal. Flora 71: 7. 1888
Synonyms: Phascum subg. Leptophascum (Müller Hal.) G. Roth
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 633. Mentioned on page 480, 631.
 TaxonIllustrator 
Pott Chenia leptophylla.jpegChenia leptophyllaPatricia M. Eckel

Plants forming a low turf, green distally, brownish proximally. Stems short-to-elongate, to 3 mm; hyalodermis absent, sclerodermis present, central strand weak to strong; axillary hairs small, of 3–4 cells, proximal cell firm-walled. Leaves appressed and contorted when dry, spreading when moist; ligulate to elliptic, adaxial surface occasionally grooved along costa, plane or broadly channeled across leaf. 1.5–2.5 mm; base rectangular or not differentiated in shape; margins distally plane, weakly recurved or plane basally, irregularly denticulate distally with sharp, mid cell projections ending in a simple papilla, marginal cells often smaller; apex rounded to broadly acute, occasionally sharply apiculate; costa weak, ending several (6–9) cells before the apex or percurrent, lamina inserted adaxially to laterally, adaxial cells shortrectangular, narrower than laminal cells, in 2 rows, abaxial cells shortrectangular; transverse-section rounded to elliptic, adaxial epidermis present, adaxial stereid band absent, guide cells 2 in 1 layers, hydroid strand present, small to large, abaxial stereid band very weak or occasionally absent, rounded in sectional shape, abaxial epidermis present; proximal cells differentiated across the leaf base except for one or more rows of marginal cells, rectangular; distal medial cells large, (15–) 20–25 (–30) µm wide, 1: 1, bulging-hexagonal, 1-stratose; papillae absent (distal marginal teeth may interpreted as sharp papillae), cell-walls thin, weakly trigonous, convex on both sides. Specialized asexual reproduction by brood bodies that sometimes present on rhizoids in soil. Sexual condition dioicous. [Seta ca. 1.2 cm. Capsule stegocarpous or cleistocarpous; theca ovate; annulus of 2–3 layers of strongly vesiculose cells, persistent; peristome teeth when present 16, filamentous, somewhat anastomosing, straight or weakly twisted counterclockwise. Calyptra cucullate. Spores ca. 10 µm.] KOH laminal color reaction red.

Distribution

North America, Mexico, South America, Europe, e Asia, Australia

Discussion

Species 3 (1 in the flora).

Chenia includes both cleistocarpous and peristomate taxa. The diagnostic characters are leaves ligulate to spathulate, sharply crenulate to irregularly dentate above with sharp mid-marginal wall projections, often sharply apiculate by a distinctive thick-walled cell or cells, distal laminal cells large, weakly trigonous, epapillose, and red in KOH solution.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Chenia"
elongate +  and quadrate +
channeled +  and plane +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
of 1-2 rows +  and differentiated +
long-excurrent +  and short-excurrent +
Richard H. Zander +
R. H. Zander +
rounded +
papillose +  and smooth +
usually slightly wider +
not differentiated;rectangular +
Phascum sect. Leptophascum +
obovoid +
mitrate +  and cucullate +
cleistocarpous +  and stegocarpous +
red +  and laminal +
dioicous +  and sexual +
convex +  and trigonous +
vesiculose +  and thick-walled +
Several (?) +, 3 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
elongate-rhomboid +  and elongate +
weak +  and strong +
tomentose +  and bare +
bulging-hexagonal +
North America +, Mexico +, South America +, Europe +, e Asia +  and Australia +
differentiated +
For Chen Pan Chieh, 1907–1970, Chinese bryologist +
multicellular +
small +  and large +
yellow +  and orange-red or red +
inserted +  and adaxially laterally +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
concave;keeled;channeled;ovoid;lanceolate or lingulate +
spathulate +  and ovate +
reduced +
dentate +  and entire +
denticulate +  and plane +
short-conic;short-rostrate +
photosynthetic +
flattened +  and 2-fid +
lateral +  and terminal +
lateral +  and terminal +
red +, orange +  and yellow +
consisting of 16 mostly 2 times cleft spiculose striate or papillose lanceolate teeth , , , , +  and rudimentary +
neumann1972a +  and reese1967a +
straight +
elongate +
2 +  and 1 +
rounded-triangular +  and rounded-pentagonal +
short +  and elongate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Phascum subg. Leptophascum +
Pottiaceae subfam. Pottioideae +
ovoid;cylindric +
yellow distally and red +, orange +, red +  and yellow +
stemless +  and perigoniate +
occasionally smaller than the perichaetiate +