Chenopodium capitatum

(Linnaeus) Ambrosi

Fl. Tirolo Mer. 2: 180. 1857.

Common names: Strawberry-blig ht Indian-paint Indian ink
WeedyIllustrated
Basionym: Blitum capitatum Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 4. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 280. Mentioned on page 276, 279.

Stems erect to ascending or decumbent, branched from base, 1.5–10 dm, glabrous. Leaves nonaromatic; petiole 1.5–10 cm; blade lanceolate, ovate, triangular, or triangular-hastate, 2.5–10 × 1–9 cm, base cuneate, truncate, or hastate, margins sharply dentate or entire, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences glomerules sessile on unbranched terminal spikes; spikes 5–20 cm; glomerules globose, 3–10 mm diam.; bracts leaflike, present only at base of inflorescence; flowers maturing from apex to base. Flowers: perianth segments 3, connate only at base, lobes lanceolate to ovate, 0.6–0.9 × 0.4–0.5 mm, apex acute, not keeled, glabrous, covering fruit at maturity, often becoming fleshy and red in fruit; stamens 3; stigmas 2, 0.1–0.4 mm. Achenes ovoid, fleshy or not; pericarp adherent, bright red to dark reddish-brown or greenish red, smooth. Seeds 0.7–1.2 mm in diam., margins rounded; seed-coat black, reticulate-punctate. 2n = 18.

Distribution

V4 511-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., N.S., N.W.T., Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., Nev., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Wash., Wis., Wyo., in Eurasia

Discussion

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Glomerules fleshy, red, 6-10 mm diam. in fruit; leaf blades truncate to cordate at base, margins usually strongly toothed Chenopodium capitatum var. capitatum
1 Glomerules membranaceous, often red, 3-5 mm diam. in fruit; leaf blades cuneate to truncate at base, margins somewhat toothed or entire Chenopodium capitatum var. parvicapitatu

"narrower" is not a number."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Chenopodium capitatum"
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
not +  and fleshy +
Not keeled (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Acuminate (?) +
Steven E. Clemants +  and Sergei L. Mosyakin +
(Linnaeus) Ambrosi +
slippery +
aromatic +
hastate +, truncate +  and cuneate +
Blitum capitatum +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
triangular-hastate +, triangular +, ovate +  and lanceolate +
1cm;9cm +
persistent +  and deciduous +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
Strawberry-blig ht +, Indian-paint +  and Indian ink +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, N.S. +, N.W.T. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, Nev. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +  and in Eurasia +
hippocrepiform +  and annular +
symmetric +, or +  and uniseriate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
small white +
inflated +
sessile +  and petiolate +
nonaromatic +
not fleshy +
connate +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br />) +
lanceolate +  and ovate +
0.4mm;0.5mm +
not winged +  and winged +
entire +  and dentate +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
persistent +  and deciduous +
bright red +  and dark reddish-brown or greenish red +
chartaceous +  and membranaceous +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
Fl. Tirolo Mer. +
pointing +  and ascending +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
verrucate +  and striate +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
lenticular +  and subglobose +
Weedy +  and Illustrated +
cylindric +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
not imbricate +
keeled +  and rounded +
opposite +  and alternate +
erect +  and ascending or decumbent +
not fleshy +
filiform +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
verrucate +
Chenopodium capitatum +
Chenopodium sect. Blitum +
species +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
glabrous +  and pubescent +
polygamous +, dioecious +  and monoecious +
not imbricate +
keeled +  and rounded +