Chenopodium murale

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 219. 1753.

Common names: Sowbane nettle-leaf goosefoot
WeedyIntroducedIllustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 287. Mentioned on page 277, 285.

Stems erect, branched, 1–6 (–10) dm, glabrous (to sparsely farinose when young); proximal branches decumbent. Leaves nonaromatic; petiole 1–2.5 cm; blade triangular, ovate, or rhombic-ovate, 0.8–4 (–8) × 0.4–3 (–5) cm, base cuneate to rounded, margins irregularly dentate, apex acute to acuminate, glabrous (rarely indistinctly farinose when young). Inflorescences glomerules in terminal and lateral panicles, 6–7 × 4–5 cm; glomerules subglobose, 2–4 mm diam., or some flowers not in glomerules; bracts absent. Flowers: perianth segments 5, distinct nearly to base; lobes ovate, 0.5–0.8 × 0.6–0.7 mm, apex acute to obtuse, keeled abaxially, farinose, covering fruit at maturity; stamens 5; stigmas 2, 0.2 mm. Achenes depressed-ovoid; pericarp adherent, pustulate, becoming smooth with maturity. Seeds lenticular, round, 1–1.5 mm diam.; seed-coat black, minutely rugose to ± smooth. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Fruiting fall.
Habitat: Waste places, roadsides, clay mounds, open oak woods, prairies, rocky hillsides, along railways
Elevation: 0-2000 m

Distribution

V4 537-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; B.C., N.B., Ont., Que., Sask., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Mo., Nev., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., native to Europe, Asia, n Africa, nearly worldwide, mostly in subtropics and warm-temperate regions

Discussion

Chenopodium murale is distinctive and is one of the more common species of the genus in the world, especially in tropical and subtropical regions.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"narrower" is not a number."thick" is not a number."thick" is not a number. "thin" is not a number."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Chenopodium murale"
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
depressed-ovoid +
farinose +  and glabrous +
Keeled (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Steven E. Clemants +  and Sergei L. Mosyakin +
Linnaeus +
slippery +
aromatic +
cuneate +  and rounded +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
rhombic-ovate +, ovate +  and triangular +
0.4cm;3cm +
persistent +  and deciduous +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
Sowbane +  and nettle-leaf goosefoot +
B.C. +, N.B. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Nev. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, native to Europe +, Asia +, n Africa +, nearly worldwide +  and mostly in subtropics and warm-temperate regions +
0-2000 m +
hippocrepiform +  and annular +
symmetric +, or +  and uniseriate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
subglobose +
Waste places, roadsides, clay mounds, open oak woods, prairies, rocky hillsides, along railways +
small white +
inflated +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
nonaromatic +
ovate +  and rhombic-ovate +
not fleshy +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.6mm;0.7mm +
not winged +  and winged +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
persistent +  and deciduous +
chartaceous +  and membranaceous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Fruiting fall. +
pointing +  and ascending +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
minutely rugose +  and more or less smooth +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (?) +
round +  and lenticular +
Weedy +, Introduced +  and Illustrated +
compound +, dense +  and loose +
cylindric +
not imbricate +
keeled +  and rounded +
opposite +  and alternate +
not fleshy +
filiform +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +  and 2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
verrucate +
Chenopodium murale +
Chenopodium subsect. Undata +
species +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
glabrous +  and pubescent +
polygamous +, dioecious +  and monoecious +
not imbricate +
keeled +  and rounded +