Chloropyron maritimum

(Nuttall ex Bentham) A. Heller

Muhlenbergia 3: 133. 1907.

Illustrated
Basionym: Cordylanthus maritimus Nuttall ex Bentham in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle Prodr. 10: 598. 1846
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 666. Mentioned on page 667.

Stems erect, spreading, or decumbent, 10–40 cm, puberulent or villous, sometimes glabrescent, hairs glandular and eglandular. Leaf-blades narrowly lanceolate, 5–30 × 2–8 mm, margins entire. Spikes 2–9 cm; bracts often purple distally, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 15–30 mm, margins entire or distally 2-toothed. Flowers: calyx 15–25 mm; corolla white to pale-yellow or pale-pink, 15–25 mm, lobes 4–5 mm, often marked with redbrown or purple-red lines; stamens 4, proximal with 2 pollen-sacs, distal pair with 1 pollen-sac and 1 infertile appendage; staminodes 0. Capsules narrowly ovoid, 6–10 mm. Seeds 10–40, dark-brown, ovoid to reniform, 1–3 mm, without abaxial crest.

Distribution

Calif., Nev., Oreg., Utah, nw Mexico

Discussion

Subspecies 3 (3 in the flora).

There are intermediates between the subspecies (T. I. Chuang and L. R. Heckard 1973).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Seeds 25–40, 1–1.5 mm; galeas yellow to yellow-green. Chloropyron maritimum subsp. canescens
1 Seeds 10–20, 1.5–3 mm; galeas purple-red, brown-red, or pink. > 2
2 Stem branches: distal usually overtopping central spike; galeas purple-red or brown-red. Chloropyron maritimum subsp. maritimum
2 Stem branches not overtopping central spike; galeas pink or purple-red. Chloropyron maritimum subsp. palustre
... more about "Chloropyron maritimum"
rounded +  and galeate +
Kerry A. Barringer +
(Nuttall ex Bentham) A. Heller +
Cordylanthus maritimus +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
lanceolate +  and oblong-lanceolate +
spathe-like +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
not elongate +
white +  and pale-yellow or pale-pink +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
Calif. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Utah +  and nw Mexico +
pilose +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
axillary +  and terminal +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
deciduous +
purple-red;redbrown +
narrowly triangular +  and triangular +
2-toothed +  and entire +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Muhlenbergia +
10 +  and 40 +
ovoid +  and reniform +
Illustrated +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
subequal +
aerial +  and subterranean +
decumbent +, spreading +  and erect +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
expanded +
Chloropyron maritimum +
Chloropyron +
species +