Chryso-hypnum diminutivum

(Hampe) W. R. Buck

Brittonia 36: 182. 1984.

Illustrated
Basionym: Hypnum diminutivum Hampe Linnaea 20: 86. 1847
Synonyms: Ctenidium diminutivum (Hampe) M. Fleischer Microthamnium diminutivum (Hampe) A. Jaeger Mittenothamnium diminutivum (Hampe) E. Britton M. thelistegum (Müller Hal.) Cardot
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 28. Treatment on page 521.

Stems 4 cm, branches usually simple, short, blunt, densely foliate; epidermal-cells small, walls thick, in 2 or 3 rows, surrounding larger, thinner walled cells, central strand small; rhizoids along underside; axillary hair basal-cell 1, distal cell 1, relatively short. Stem-leaves 0.8–1.2 mm; apex gradually and narrowly acuminate; costa unequal, one fork often ending 1/3–1/2 leaf length; alar cells in 6–12 rows in extreme basal angles; laminal cells linear to oblong-linear, walls firm; basal-cells shorter, broader. Branch leaves usually widespreading, sometimes more imbricate, lanceolate to ovatelanceolate, concave, 0.6–0.9 mm; costa unequal, one fork often ending 1/4–1/3 leaf length; alar cells in 4–10 rows in extreme basal angles. Perichaetial leaves 0.7–1.4 mm, margins plane, sparsely serrulate, costa often well developed, sometimes ecostate, alar cells not differentiated, laminal cells smooth or low-prorulose at distal ends abaxially. Seta twisted. Capsule 0.7–1.1 mm, neck usually differentiated; exothecial cells quadrate to short-rectangular, vertical walls firm, cross-walls thin and wavy; annulus 1–3-seriate, falling early, cells elongate, walls thick; exostome teeth shouldered, bordered, internal surface trabeculate; endostome basal membrane smooth or obscurely roughened, segments finely papillose, perforate, cilia finely papillose. Spores 11–19 µm.


Phenology: Capsules mature winter.
Habitat: Dead wood, mesic forests
Elevation: low elevations (0-100 m)

Distribution

V28 807-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Fla., Ga., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, n, c South America

Discussion

Chryso-hypnum diminutivum is distinguished by often dense, soft mats of smallish, prostrate, subcomplanate-foliate stems with ovate leaves whose laminal cells are prorulose at both ends; the plants are common lowland weeds. The species is extremely common throughout the West Indies and northern South America at all but the highest elevations, but barely makes it into North America. The species is widespread in tropical America, with many synonyms.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Chryso-hypnum diminutivum"
differentiated +
William R. Buck +
(Hampe) W. R. Buck +
roughened +  and smooth +
decurrent +
Hypnum diminutivum +
foliate +  and simple +
concave +, lanceolate +  and ovatelanceolate +
0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br /> (0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br />) +
cucullate +
horizontal +  and pendent +
ovoid +  and short-cylindric +
constricted +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br />) +
similar +  and pigmented +
elongate +
enlarged +
differentiated +
rudimentary +
papillose +
ecostate +  and obscure +
unequal +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, n +  and c South America +
low elevations (0-100 m) +
specialized +
autoicous +, sexual +  and asexual +
fused +  and free +
bordered +  and shouldered +
quadrate;short-rectangular +
filamentous +
Dead wood, mesic forests +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
1/4 (?) +  and 1/3 (?) +
recurved +  and erect +
dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
differentiated +
triangular-lanceolate +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br />) +
Capsules mature winter. +
papillose +  and smooth +
papillose +
elongate +
Illustrated +
spheric +
irregularly branched +  and regularly pinnate +
asymmetric +, 2-pinnate +  and 1-pinnate +
falcate-secund +
straight +
erect +  and widespreading +
ovate +  and ovatelanceolate or lanceolate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (?) +
differentiated +
Ctenidium diminutivum +, Microthamnium diminutivum +, Mittenothamnium diminutivum +  and M. thelistegum +
Chryso-hypnum diminutivum +
Chryso-hypnum +
species +
brownish +, golden +, pale +  and dark green +
medium-sized;small +