Chrysobalanus icaco subsp. icaco

Common names: Coco-plum
Illustrated
Synonyms: Chrysobalanus interior Small C. pellocarpus G. Meyer
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 366.

Shrubs or trees 1–5 m; stems usually arising singly. Twigs reddish, glabrate, lenticels elliptic, pith tan; bark striate. Leaves: stipules ovate, 0.8–2.5 mm; petiole 2–3 mm; blade broadly elliptic, broadly ovate or broadly obovate, 3.5–6 × 3–5 cm, length 1.2–1.5 times width, base cuneate, obtuse, or rounded, margins revolute, apex emarginate, rounded or obtuse, surfaces glabrescent except for scattered hairs along midvein. Thyrses: rachis densely hairy; bracteoles caducous, sessile, ovate, 1.5 mm. Flowers: hypanthium 2.5–3 mm; sepals ovate to triangular, 1 mm, both surfaces densely strigose; petals white, spatulate to narrowly spatulate, 3.5–4 mm, glabrous, margins erose, apex obtuse. Drupes white, yellow-green, pink, red, dark purple, or black, (1.2–) 1.5–2 (–2.5) cm; endocarp 6-ribbed with secondary ribs. 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Hammocks, beaches, frequently calcareous (shelly) sands.
Elevation: 0–10 m.

Distribution

V12 658-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, e South America, in Pacific Islands

Discussion

Chrysobalanus icaco is known in the flora area only from southern Florida. Leaf morphology varies widely and has prompted a proliferation of names for this taxon. The fruits are eaten, and their flavor varies from a taste of marshmallow to apple; they have folk medicinal value in tropical areas. Although preserved as a foodstuff and used as an ornamental, the species has little current economic value in Florida; it is being investigated for cultivation there as a tropical fruit.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"/3" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

connate +
Obtuse (?) +, Rounded (?) +  and Emarginate (?) +
R. David Whetstone +  and Christopher F. Nixon† +
Linnaeus +
rounded +, obtuse +  and cuneate +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
obovate +, ovate +  and elliptic +
3cm;5cm +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (?) +
Coco-plum +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, e South America +  and in Pacific Islands +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
black +, dark purple +, red +, pink +, yellow-green +  and white +
ellipsoid +  and globose +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0–10 m. +
Hammocks, beaches, frequently calcareous (shelly) sands. +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (?) +
axillary +  and terminal +
persistent +
toothed +  and entire +
distinct +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (?) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Flowering year-round. +
distinct +
ovate +  and triangular +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
Illustrated +
free +  and connate +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
strigose +  and glabrescent +
Chrysobalanus interior +  and C. pellocarpus +
Chrysobalanus icaco subsp. icaco +
Chrysobalanus icaco +
subspecies +
terminal +  and axillary +
tardily deciduous;evergreen +
tree +  and shrub +