Citrullus lanatus subsp. lanatus

[F I]
Synonyms: Citrullus lanatus subsp. vulgaris (Schrader) Fursa C. vulgaris Linnaeus Cucurbita citrullus
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 43.

Vines annual. Stems climbing or trailing, 50–200 cm, villous; roots fibrous; tendrils 2–3-branched. Leaf-blades ovate to lanceolate-ovate or ovate-triangular, mostly 8–20 cm, 3–5-lobed, lobes pinnately shallowly sinuate-lobulate, margins denticulate, surfaces hirsute abaxially, hispid on veins and veinlets, glabrous or scabrous adaxially with translucent dots. Flowers: hypanthium broadly campanulate; sepals lanceolate, 3–5 mm; petals obovate-oblong to widely oblanceolate, 7–16 mm. Pepos green, mottled with paler green and yellowish to whitish stripes, globose to oblong-ellipsoid, 12–35+ cm diam.; rind tough, not durable, mesocarp red to orange, yellow, or greenish, juicy, sweet. Seeds usually black, rarely red or of different shades, ovoid to oblong-ovoid, 7–15 mm. 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Nov.
Habitat: Gardens, fields, vacant lots, trash heaps, dumps, roadsides, clearings in woods, gravel bars, stream banks, riparian thickets, dunes, volunteering from past plantings
Elevation: 10–400 m

Distribution

V6 69-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ala., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Conn., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., Nev., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., Asia, Africa, also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Europe, Australia

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
distinct +  and connate +
Guy L. Nesom +
Momordica lanata +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
3-5-lobed +, ovate +  and lanceolate-ovate or ovate-triangular +
3-5(-7)-lobed;elongate-ovate;lanceolate-ovate or ovate-triangular +
tubular +, saucer--shaped +, campanulate +  and rotate +
Ala. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, Nev. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Asia +, Africa +, also in Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Europe +  and Australia +
10–400 m +
furrowed +  and echinate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
bristly +, smooth +, hairy +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and muricate +
fleshy +  and hard +
pistillate +  and staminate +
striped +, variegated green and whitish or green and yellow +, yellow +  and green +
Gardens, fields, vacant lots, trash heaps, dumps, roadsides, clearings in woods, gravel bars, stream banks, riparian thickets, dunes, volunteering from past plantings +
perennial +
dioecious +  and monoecious +
solitary +, corymbose +, fasciculate +, racemose +  and paniculate +
petiolate +, estipulate +  and simple +
sinuate-lobulate +
denticulate +
not differentiated +
red +  and orange yellow or greenish +
ellipsoid;obovoid or subglobose +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br />) +
induplicate-valvate +  and imbricate +
pubescent +  and glabrate +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
Flowering Jun–Nov. +
Index Seminum (Tokyo) +
not arillate +
ovoid +  and oblong-ovoid +
lanceolate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Illustrated +  and Introduced +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
50 cm500 mm <br />0.5 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
short-columnar +
glabrous +, hispid +  and hirsute +
verrucose +  and smooth +
Citrullus lanatus subsp. vulgaris +, C. vulgaris +  and Cucurbita citrullus +
Citrullus lanatus subsp. lanatus +
Citrullus lanatus +
subspecies +
distinct +