Clintonia borealis

(Aiton) Rafinesque

Atlantic J. 1: 120. 1832.

Common names: Blue bead-lily yellow clintonia corn- lily
Endemic
Basionym: Dracaena borealis Aiton Hort. Kew. 1: 454. 1789
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 152. Mentioned on page 153.

Plants 2–5 dm; rhizomes thin, spreading. Cauline leaves 2–4; blade dark glossy green adaxially, oblong to elliptic obovate, 15–30 × 5–10 cm. Inflorescences in short, terminal racemes, 3–8 (–10) -flowered; bracts 1 (–3), narrowly foliaceous. Flowers nodding; tepals yellow to yellowish green, narrowly oblong, 12–16 × 3.5–4.5 mm; filaments 12–17.5 mm; anthers oblong, 2–3.5 mm. Berries ultramarine blue, ovoid, 8–16-seeded, 8–12 mm. Seeds 3–5 mm. 2n = 28, 32.


Phenology: Flowering early May–early Jul.
Habitat: Rich coniferous, mixed, or deciduous woods
Elevation: 0–1600 m

Distribution

V26 245-distribution-map.jpg

St. Pierre and Miquélon, Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Conn., Ga., Ill., Ind., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Throughout the range of Clintonia borealis a stabilized, 2n = 32 cytotype has been reported (F. H. Utech and L. B. Thien 1973; B. M. Kapoor 1973).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thin" is not a number."thicker" is not a number.

... more about "Clintonia borealis"
semiversatile +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
Frederick H. Utech +
(Aiton) Rafinesque +
whorled +, opposite +  and alternate +
attenuate +  and cuneate +
Dracaena borealis +
ultramarine blue +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
reticulate-veined +  and parallel-veined +
green +  and dark +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
obovate +, oblong +  and elliptic +
5cm;10cm +
tunicate +  and scaly +
Blue bead-lily +, yellow clintonia +  and corn- lily +
St. Pierre and Miquélon +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0–1600 m +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.75 cm17.5 mm <br />0.0175 m <br />) +
sessile +  and pedicellate +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
4-30-seeded +  and baccate +
metallic blue;black +
indehiscent +, septicidal +  and loculicidal +
ellipsoid +  and ovoid +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
Rich coniferous, mixed, or deciduous woods +
3-8(-10)-flowered +
persistent +
ovoid;subcylindrical +
zygomorphic +  and actinomorphic +
Flowering early May–early Jul. +
Atlantic J. +
wind-distributed +
1 +  and many +
angled +  and round +
W1 +  and Endemic +
adnate +  and free +
staminodial +
3 (?) +, 4 (?) +  and 6 (?) +
1 +  and several +
3 (?) +  and 1 (?) +
compressed +  and columnar +
Xeniatrum +
Clintonia borealis +
Clintonia +
species +
yellow;yellowish green +
distinct +
12mm;16mm +
3.5mm;4.5mm +
sepaloid +  and petaloid +
narrower +
3 +  and 2 +