Coccinia grandis

(Linnaeus) Voigt

Hort. Suburb. Calcutt., 59. 1845.

Common names: Scarlet gourd
IllustratedIntroduced
Basionym: Bryonia grandis Linnaeus Mant. Pl. 1: 126. 1767
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 45. Mentioned on page 4.

Vines climbing, widely spreading, sometimes prostrate. Stems glabrous or glabrate, sometimes rooting at nodes. Leaves: petiole 1–5 cm; blade 5–10 × 4–9 cm, base cordate with broad sinus, apex acute, mucronate, adaxial surface with 3–8 glands. Peduncles 1–5 cm. Flowers: sepals recurved, 2–5 mm; petals 15–20 mm, apices acute to obtuse-apiculate. Pepos 2.5–6 cm. Seeds 6–8 mm, aril red to red-orange. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering May–Nov.
Habitat: Trash dumps, thickets, fencerows, cypress swamps
Elevation: 0–30 m

Distribution

V6 72-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., Tex., e Africa, also in Asia (China), also in Asia (India), also in Asia (Indonesia), also in Asia (Malaysia), also in Asia (Pakistan), also in Asia (Thailand), also in Asia (Vietnam), Pacific Islands, Australia

Discussion

The shoot tips and immature fruits of Coccinia grandis are used in Asian and Indian cooking; long-range dispersal is often the result of introduction by humans. It sometimes has been misidentified as C. cordifolia (Linnaeus) Cogniaux.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"/2" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Coccinia grandis"
distinct +  and connate +
red;red-orange +
Guy L. Nesom +
(Linnaeus) Voigt +
cordate +
Bryonia grandis +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
broadly ovate;rounded-cordate subreniform or deltate unlobed or palmately 5-angular or lobed +
4cm;9cm +
tubular +, saucer--shaped +, campanulate +  and rotate +
Scarlet gourd +
Fla. +, Tex. +, e Africa +, also in Asia (China) +, also in Asia (India) +, also in Asia (Indonesia) +, also in Asia (Malaysia) +, also in Asia (Pakistan) +, also in Asia (Thailand) +, also in Asia (Vietnam) +, Pacific Islands +  and Australia +
0–30 m +
furrowed +  and echinate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
bristly +, smooth +, hairy +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and muricate +
fleshy +  and hard +
whitish +  and greenish +
pistillate +  and staminate +
red +  and scarlet +
Trash dumps, thickets, fencerows, cypress swamps +
perennial +
dioecious +  and monoecious +
umbellate;subumbellate +
solitary +, corymbose +, fasciculate +, racemose +  and paniculate +
petiolate +, estipulate +  and simple +
triangular;broadly angular-elliptic +
denticulate +
ovoid;fusiform +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
green-veined +
induplicate-valvate +  and imbricate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (6.2 cm62 mm <br />0.062 m <br />) +
puberulent-hirtellous +  and glabrate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Nov. +
Hort. Suburb. Calcutt., +
compressed +  and pyriform +
linear;subulate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Illustrated +  and Introduced +
climbing +  and procumbent +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
columnar +
fibrillose +
Coccinia grandis +
Coccinia +
species +
vine +  and climbing +