Conicosia pugioniformis

(Linnaeus) N. E. Brown in E. P. Phillips

in E. P. Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl., 247. 1926.

Common names: Pigroot
IntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Mesembryanthemum pugioniforme Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 488. 1753
Synonyms: Conicosia capitata (Haworth) Sc hwantes Mesembryanthemum capitatum Haworth
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 88. Mentioned on page 85.

Plants perennial. Roots single, to 30 × 1–2.5 cm. Leaves: cauline leaves scattered, crowded toward end of stems; blade gray-green, grooved or flat adaxially, 15–20 × 0.5–2 cm, apex acute, glabrous. Inflorescences: peduncle to 12 cm. Flowers lasting 2–4 days, 5–9 cm diam.; petals 200–250, in concentric rows, shining yellow; stamens to 10 mm; ovary 10–20-loculed. Seeds 75–200, dark-brown, 1–1.8 mm, ca. 25% located within paired pockets. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering spring–fall.
Habitat: Sandy places, especially coastal dunes
Elevation: 0-100 m

Distribution

V4 181-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Calif., Africa

Discussion

In California floras, Herrea elongata (Haworth) L. Bolus and Mesembryanthemum elongatum Haworth have been misapplied to Conicosia pugioniformis.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"wider" is not a number.

... more about "Conicosia pugioniformis"
John E. Bleck +
(Linnaeus) N. E. Brown in E. P. Phillips +
Mesembryanthemum pugioniforme +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
triangular +
0.5cm;2cm +
appendaged +, hooded +  and petaloid +
crowded +  and scattered +
Pigroot +
Calif. +  and Africa +
0-100 m +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
indehiscent +, circumscissile +, dehiscence +, septicidal +  and loculicidal +
Sandy places, especially coastal dunes +
petiolate +  and sessile +
basal +  and cauline +
10-20-loculed +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
free +  and distinct +
Flowering spring–fall. +
10-25-carpellate +
in E. P. Phillips, Gen. S. Afr. Fl. Pl., +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
1cm +  and 2.5cm +
papillose +
spheric +
1mm +  and 1.8mm +
prostrate;ascending +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
mat-forming +
underground +
filiform +
adnate +  and free +
connate +  and distinct +
Conicosia capitata +  and Mesembryanthemum capitatum +
Conicosia pugioniformis +
Conicosia +
species +
10 (?) +  and 25 (?) +