Corallorhiza bentleyi

Freudenstein

Novon 9: 511, fig. 1. 1999.

Common names: Bentley’s coral-root
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 634. Mentioned on page 633, 635.

Stems reddish to yellowish, to 20 cm. Inflorescences: racemes lax. Flowers 2–20, cleistogamous, inconspicuous; sepals and petals reddish to yellow, 3-veined; dorsal sepal lanceolate, 5.9–6.1 × 2.1–2.5 mm; lateral sepals lanceolate, somewhat falcate, strongly boatshaped, 5.5–6.1 × 2.1–2.5 mm; petals narrowly ovate, weakly boatshaped, 5–5.8 × 2.2–3 mm, apex acute; lip unlobed, ovate, 4.9–5.7 mm, margins involute, thickened, prominent, apex acute; callus formed from 2 connate lamellae at base of lip, ± 1.2 as long as lip, 2.5–2.8 × 1.5–1.8 mm; column curved forward, 3–3.8 × 0.8–1 mm, with small depression adaxially at base; pedicellate ovary narrowly obovoid, 6–9 × 2.5–3 mm; mentum absent. Capsules obovoid-ellipsoid.


Phenology: Flowering mid–late July.
Habitat: Appalachian deciduous forest, often at edges of forest in somewhat disturbed sites
Elevation: 800 m

Discussion

Corallorhiza bentleyi appears to be most similar to the small Mexican variants of C. striata that have been called C. involuta Greenman but were most recently recognized as C. striata var. involuta (Greenman) Freudenstein (J. V. Freudenstein 1999).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Corallorhiza bentleyi"
self-pollination +
Lawrence K. Magrath +  and John V. Freudenstein +
Freudenstein +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
flattened +, triangular +  and cylindric +
tubular +
reduced +
2.5mm +  and 2.8mm +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
obovoid-ellipsoid +
3mm +  and 3.8mm +
0.8mm +  and 1mm +
Bentley’s coral-root +
Va. +  and W.Va. +
0.59 cm5.9 mm <br />0.0059 m <br /> (0.61 cm6.1 mm <br />0.0061 m <br />) +
0.21 cm2.1 mm <br />0.0021 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
not +  and resupinate +
inconspicuous +
cleistogamous +
ellipsoid;slightly obovoid +
Appalachian deciduous forest, often at edges of forest in somewhat disturbed sites +
lateral +  and terminal +
0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br /> (0.61 cm6.1 mm <br />0.0061 m <br />) +
boat-shaped +, falcate +  and lanceolate +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
ovate +  and unlobed +
larger +
0.49 cm4.9 mm <br />0.0049 m <br /> (0.57 cm5.7 mm <br />0.0057 m <br />) +
differing in form and color +
6mm +  and 9mm +
obovoid +
2.5mm +  and 3mm +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.58 cm5.8 mm <br />0.0058 m <br />) +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Flowering mid–late July. +
coralloid +
aerial +  and subterranean +
triangular +
cylindric-fusiform +
minute +
reddish +  and yellow +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
lanceolate +  and oblanceolate +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
branched +, or +  and simple +
reddish +  and yellowish +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
concave +  and convex +
Cladorhiza +, Corallorhiza +  and Rhizocorallon +
Corallorhiza bentleyi +
Corallorhiza +
species +
leafless +  and rootless +
herb +, colonial +  and solitary +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +