Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata

Endemic
Synonyms: Corallorhiza multiflora Nuttall Corallorhiza multiflora var. sulphurea Corallorhiza vancouveriana
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 637.

Inflorescences: floral bracts 0.5–1 × 0.5–9 mm, usually entire. Flowers: middle lobe of lip expanded slightly or not at all distally, ratio of width of dilated part to base of middle lobe less than 1.5; lip 3.3–7 × 1.5–4.5 mm; column curved, 3.3–5.5 × 0.7–1 mm at stigma; stigmatic surface elliptic-oblong to nearly square, 0.7 × 1 mm.


Phenology: Flowering May–Aug.
Habitat: Moist to dry coniferous and deciduous woods, and conifer plantations, often in florests with little other herbaceous cover
Elevation: 0–3700 m

Distribution

V26 1308-distribution-map.jpg

St. Pierre and Miquelon (variety unconfirmed), Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
self-pollination +
Lawrence K. Magrath +  and John V. Freudenstein +
(Rafinesque) Rafinesque +
not bulbous +
Cladorhiza maculata +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
flattened +, triangular +  and cylindric +
tubular +
reduced +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
ellipsoid +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
spotted with purple +  and whitish yellow +
3.3mm +  and 5.5mm +
3.3mm +  and 7.8mm +
0.7mm +  and 1mm +
St. Pierre and Miquelon (variety unconfirmed) +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and Wyo. +
0–3700 m +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
not +  and resupinate +
conspicuous +
ellipsoid;slightly obovoid +
Moist to dry coniferous and deciduous woods, and conifer plantations, often in florests with little other herbaceous cover +
lateral +  and terminal +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
spotted with purple +  and white +
0.33 cm3.3 mm <br />0.0033 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
obovate +  and elliptic +
larger +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
differing in form and color +
ellipsoid-obovoid +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (?) +  and 1.15 cm11.5 mm <br />0.0115 m <br /> (?) +
Flowering May–Aug. +
Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. +
10cm +  and 65cm +
1.5cm;6.5cm +
coralloid +
aerial +  and subterranean +
triangular +
cylindric-fusiform +
minute +
darker +, yellow +, red +, tan +  and brown +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
spreading +  and directed +
lanceolate +
0.47 cm4.7 mm <br />0.0047 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
branched +, or +  and simple +
brown +  and purple +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
concave +  and convex +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (?) +
elliptic-oblong;nearly square +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
Corallorhiza multiflora +, Corallorhiza multiflora var. sulphurea +  and Corallorhiza vancouveriana +
Corallorhiza maculata var. maculata +
Corallorhiza maculata +
variety +
leafless +  and rootless +
herb +, colonial +  and solitary +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +