Corallorhiza odontorhiza var. pringlei

(Greenman) Freudenstein

Harvard Pap. Bot. 1(10): 24. 1997.

Basionyms: Corallorhiza pringlei Greenman Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 33: 475. 1898
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Mentioned on page 635.

Flowers: perianth open; lip similar to petals (narrowly obovate-spatulate), 2.7–4.6 × 2–3.7 mm; column 1.8–2.4 × 0.8–1.7 mm, base with 2 prominent auricles on adaxial surface; stigmatic surface 0.3–0.5 × 0.7–1 mm.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–fall.
Habitat: Rich deciduous woods, mixed woods, and conifer plantations
Elevation: 0–2800 m

Distribution

V26 1304-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Conn., Ga., Ind., Iowa, Mich., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., Tenn., Wis., Mexico, Central America (El Salvador), Central America (Guatemala), Central America (Honduras), Central America (Nicaragua)

Discussion

In Corallorhiza odontorhiza both chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers exist; they occur on separate plants, although sometimes in the same populations. The cleistogamous form is by far the more frequent.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

self-pollination +
Lawrence K. Magrath +  and John V. Freudenstein +
(Greenman) Freudenstein +
Corallorhiza pringlei +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
flattened +, triangular +  and cylindric +
tubular +
reduced +
0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
ellipsoid +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
curved +  and straight +
1.8mm +  and 2.4mm +
1.9mm +  and 2.5mm +
0.8mm +  and 1.7mm +
Ont. +, Conn. +, Ga. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Mich. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Wis. +, Mexico +, Central America (El Salvador) +, Central America (Guatemala) +, Central America (Honduras) +  and Central America (Nicaragua) +
0–2800 m +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
not +  and resupinate +
inconspicuous +
ellipsoid;slightly obovoid +
Rich deciduous woods, mixed woods, and conifer plantations +
lateral +  and terminal +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
spotted with purple +  and white +
0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br /> (0.46 cm4.6 mm <br />0.0046 m <br />) +
unlobed +, ovate +  and orbiculate-quadrangular +
larger +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.37 cm3.7 mm <br />0.0037 m <br />) +
entire +  and erose-fringed +
differing in form and color +
inconspicuous +
ellipsoid-obovoid +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.38 cm3.8 mm <br />0.0038 m <br /> (?) +
Flowering late summer–fall. +
open-flowered +
Harvard Pap. Bot. +
11cm +  and 46cm +
1cm;2.5cm +
coralloid +
aerial +  and subterranean +
triangular +
cylindric-fusiform +
minute +
suffused with green +, reddish purple +  and brown +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
lanceolate +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
branched +, or +  and simple +
purplish brown +, greenish +  and yellow +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
concave +  and convex +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Corallorhiza micrantha +  and Corallorhiza pringlei +
Corallorhiza odontorhiza var. pringlei +
Corallorhiza odontorhiza +
variety +
leafless +  and rootless +
herb +, colonial +  and solitary +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +