Cornus sanguinea

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 117. 1753.

Common names: Bloodtwig dogwood
Introduced
Synonyms: Swida sanguinea (Linnaeus) Opiz
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 455. Mentioned on page 451.

Shrubs, to 3 m, flowering at 1 m; rhizomes absent. Stems clustered; bark maroon to reddish-brown, not corky, loosely verrucose; branchlets reddish-brown to yellow to maroon, appressed-hairy when young; lenticels protruding on 2d year branches; pith white. Leaves: petiole 5–38 mm; blade elliptic to narrowly ovate, 4–17 × 1.5–12 cm, base attenuate, apex acuminate, abaxial surface white, hairs erect and appressed, tufts of erect hairs present in axils of secondary-veins, adaxial surface green, hairs erect; secondary-veins 3–5 per side, most arising from proximal 1/2. Inflorescences flat-topped, 3–6 cm diam., peduncle 20–40 mm; branches and pedicels green, turning maroon in fruit. Flowers: hypanthium densely appressed-hairy; sepals 0.2–0.6 mm; petals white, 2.5–4 mm. Drupes purple-black, globose or subglobose, 6–10 mm diam.; stone globose, 4–6 mm diam., smooth or slightly grooved, apex rounded. 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–Jun; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Disturbed areas.
Elevation: 0–1000 m.

Distribution

V12 962-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Mass., Pa., Wash., Europe, w Asia

Discussion

Cornus sanguinea is frequently planted across North America and occasionally has become naturalized.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Cornus sanguinea"
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
curling +
ornamented +
Zack E. Murrell +  and Derick B. Poindexter +
Linnaeus +
maroon +  and reddish-brown +
verrucose +
attenuate +
Cornus +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (17 cm170 mm <br />0.17 m <br />) +
elliptic +  and narrowly ovate +
1.5cm;12cm +
not petaloid +
alternate +, subopposite +, whorled +  and opposite +
appressed-hairy +
Bloodtwig dogwood +
expanding +  and minute +
Mass. +, Pa. +, Wash. +, Europe +  and w Asia +
purple-black +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
distinct +
subglobose +  and globose +
0–1000 m. +
Disturbed areas. +
appressed-hairy +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
terminal +  and axillary +
alternate +, subopposite +, whorled +  and opposite +
intrastaminal +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
distinct +
recurved +  and spreading +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (3.8 cm38 mm <br />0.038 m <br />) +
Flowering Apr–Jun +  and fruiting Aug–Sep. +
[1-]2[-4]-carpellate +
connate +  and distinct +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
Introduced +
free +  and distinct +
pointed +  and rounded +
grooved +  and smooth +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
globose +
Swida sanguinea +
Cornus sanguinea +
Cornus subg. Thelycrania +
species +
deciduous +  and perennial +