Corydalis sempervirens

(Linnaeus) Persoon

Syn. Pl. 2: 269. 1807.

Common names: Pink and yellow corydalis pale corydalis harlequin-flower corydale toujours verte
EndemicIllustrated
Basionym: Fumaria sempervirens Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 700. 1753
Synonyms: Capnoides sempervirens (Linnaeus) Borkhausen
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Plants biennial, from somewhat succulent roots. Stems usually 1, erect, 0.5-8 dm, very glaucous. Leaves compound; blade with 3-4 orders of leaflets and lobes; ultimate lobes oblongelliptic, obtuse, apiculate. Inflorescences terminal, racemose or paniculate, 1-8-flowered on each axis; bracts inconspicuous, narrowly elliptic, 2-5 × 0.5-1 mm. Flowers erect; pedicel slender, 5-20 mm; sepals ovate, short-attenuate, to 3 mm; petals pink, tipped yellow; spurred petal 10-15 mm, spur blunt, 3-4 mm, crest absent, marginal wing relatively broad, revolute, unspurred outer petal 10-13 mm; inner petals 9-12 mm, blade broadly obovate, with high, angular keel, claw slender, 6-8 mm; nectariferous spur 1/3 length of petal spur, blunt; style ca. 4 mm; stigma triangular, with 4 papillae. Capsules erect, linear, straight, (25-) 30-35 (-50) mm. Seeds ca. 1 mm diam., minutely decorated. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering early summer–early fall.
Habitat: Rock crevices, talus, forest clearings, open woods, and on burned or otherwise disturbed areas in shallow, often dry soil
Elevation: 10-1550 m

Distribution

V3 292-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Conn., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

The Iroquois used a decoction prepared from plants of Corydalis sempervirens medicinally to alleviate piles (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thin" is not a number."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Corydalis sempervirens"
Kingsley R. Stern +
(Linnaeus) Persoon +
Fumaria sempervirens +
obovate +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
inconspicuous +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
adnate +  and connate +
3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
slender +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Pink and yellow corydalis +, pale corydalis +, harlequin-flower +  and corydale toujours verte +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Conn. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
10-1550 m +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
Rock crevices, talus, forest clearings, open woods, and on burned or otherwise disturbed areas in shallow, often dry soil +
paniculate +  and racemose +
terminal +  and axillary +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
cauline +  and basal +
not spurred +  and spurred +
3 +, both +  and 1 +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
dissimilar +  and alike +
broadly ovoid;obovoid +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
coherent +  and distinct +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
not spongy +
Flowering early summer–early fall. +
perpendicular +
succulent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
decorated +
reniform +  and subglobose +
persistent +  and caducous +
short-attenuate +  and ovate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (?) +
W1 +, Endemic +  and Illustrated +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
branching +  and simple +
climbing +  and prostrate +
persistent +
triangular +
thread-like +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (?) +
Capnoides sempervirens +
Corydalis sempervirens +
Corydalis +
species +
obtuse +  and oblongelliptic +