Crossidium

Juratzka

Laubm.-Fl. Oesterr.-Ung., 127. 1882,.

Etymology: Greek krossos, fringe or tassel, and -idion, diminutive, alluding to tassel-like fringe on adaxial surface of costa
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 611. Mentioned on page 265, 480, 602, 606, 607.

Plants in thin turfs or small cushions. Stem 1–10 mm, central strand present. Leaves evenly distributed or crowded, imbricate to slightly twisted when dry, lingulate, lanceolate to deltoid, 0.5–2.0 mm, 1-stratose, concave in distal half, base rectangular to ovate, margins entire, plane to recurved, apex obtuse, rounded or emarginate; costa excurrent as a whitish hair, in section hydroids present between the stereid and the guide cells, stereid band abaxial, filaments restricted to adaxial surface of costa, filament cells cylindric to subspheric, usually thin-walled, terminal cell cylindric to conic to subspheric, generally thin-walled, often papillose; cells of leaf base rectangular, firm-walled; medial and distal leaf cells quadrate to rectangular, firm-walled, sometimes thick-walled, smooth or with 1 to 8 papillae on either surface. Sexual condition dioicous or monoicous; perigonia budlike, leaves short and broad; perichaetia little or not differentiated. Seta 5–20 mm. Capsule cylindric to ovoid-cylindric, erect; annulus of 1–2 rows of vesiculose cells; operculum conic to rostrate, erect or inclined; peristome short and cribrose to long and twisted. Calyptra cucullate. Spores finely papillose, 9–22 µm.

Distribution

North America, Mexico, South America, s Europe, n, s Africa, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia

Discussion

Species 11 (4 in the flora).

Crossidium rosei R. S. Williams, described from Peru, was reported from North America by T. T. McIntosh (1989) from a specimen collected in British Columbia. This is a small sample containing plants of at least three pottiaceous species, including a fertile plant of Pterygoneurum. The type from Peru shows no relationship to the Canadian plants; i.e., Crossidium rosei is not part of the North American flora. Application of the name C. davidai Catcheside by M. J. Cano et al. (1992, 1993) to the Canadian specimen does not account for the lingulate and piliferous leaves of the American material.

Key

1 Terminal cell of filaments subspheric, leaf cells papillose > 2
1 Terminal cell of filaments cylindric or conic, leaf cells usually smooth > 3
2 Cells of distal leaf smooth or with 1(-2) papilla on either exposed surface. Crossidium aberrans
2 Cells of distal and mid-leaf pluripapillose. Crossidium seriatum
3 Leaves lanceolate to lingulate-ovate; filament cells thin-walled; cells of distal leaf with firm walls; dioicous or cladautoicous. Crossidium crassinervium
3 Leaves broadly deltoid to oblong-ovate; filament cells thick-walled; cells of distal leaf thick-walled, with lumen nearly obliterated; gonioautoicous. Crossidium squamiferum

"broad" is not a number.

... more about "Crossidium"
elongate +  and quadrate +
of 1-2 rows +  and differentiated +
long-excurrent +  and short-excurrent +
Emarginate (?) +, Rounded (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Claudio Delgadillo M. +
Juratzka +
reniform +  and rounded +
papillose +  and smooth +
usually slightly wider +
rectangular +
rectangular;ovate +
obovoid +
cucullate +
cleistocarpous +  and stegocarpous +
cylindric;ovoid-cylindric +
monoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
flat to bulging +
Few (?) +  and Several (?) +
elongate-rhomboid +  and elongate +
tomentose +  and bare +
North America +, Mexico +, South America +, s Europe +, n +, s Africa +, Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +  and Australia +
differentiated +
Greek krossos, fringe or tassel, and -idion, diminutive, alluding to tassel-like fringe on adaxial surface of costa +
multicellular +
yellow +  and orange-red or red +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
concave;keeled;channeled;ovoid;lanceolate or lingulate +
1-stratose +  and twisted +
imbricate +, crowded +  and distributed +
thick-walled +  and firm-walled +
with 1-8 papillae +  and smooth +
monoicous +, dioicous +  and sexual +
concave +, lanceolate +  and deltoid +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
inclined +  and erect +
conic;rostrate +
photosynthetic +
compound +, simple +, hollow +  and solid +
1 +  and 8 +
flattened +  and 2-fid +
lateral +  and terminal +
not differentiated +
lateral +  and terminal +
red +, orange +  and yellow +
consisting of 16 mostly 2 times cleft spiculose striate or papillose lanceolate teeth , , , , +  and rudimentary +
Laubm.-Fl. Oesterr.-Ung., +
cano1993a +, m1973a +  and m1975a +
straight +
elongate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
2 +  and 1 +
rounded-triangular +  and rounded-pentagonal +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Crossidium +
Pottiaceae subfam. Pottioideae +
ovoid;cylindric +
yellow distally and red +, orange +, red +  and yellow +
stemless +  and perigoniate +
occasionally smaller than the perichaetiate +