Cucumis anguria

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 1011. 1753.

Common names: West Indian or bur gherkin
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 36. Mentioned on page 32, 33, 34.

Plants dioecious, roots thin, without thick, woody rootstock. Tendrils setose. Leaves: petiole hispid to setose; blade broadly to narrowly ovate, deeply palmately 3–5-lobed to weakly 3-lobed or nearly unlobed, [sometimes pedately lobed], 3–12 (–15) × 2.5–12 (–15) cm, length 0.9–1 (–2) times width, base cordate, lobes broadly elliptic to obovate, spatulate, or ovate, margins serrate or entire. Inflorescences: pedicels of pistillate flowers distally dilated; staminate flowers 3–10 in racemes, pedunculate or sessile; pistillate flowers: calyx lobes 2–4 mm, petals 6–8 mm, corolla-tube 0–1 mm, sparsely puberulent inside. Pepos light yellowish green to light yellow, sometimes with light green stripes, usually ellipsoid, rarely obovoid, 2–7 × 1.5–4 cm, surfaces ± aculeate at maturity, flesh greenish white to yellowish green. 2n = 24.

Distribution

V6 56-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Calif., Fla., Ga., Mass., Mont., N.Y., Tex., Africa, Atlantic Islands (Cape Verde Islands), also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Pacific Islands (Marquesas Islands), Australia

Discussion

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Pepos obscurely aculeate, aculei 1–2 mm; leaf blades deeply palmately 3–5-lobed. Cucumis anguria var. anguria
1 Pepos prominently aculeate, aculei 4–10(–15) mm; leaf blades deeply palmately 3–5-lobed to weakly 3-lobed or nearly unlobed. Cucumis anguria var. longaculeatus
... more about "Cucumis anguria"
distinct +  and connate +
Guy L. Nesom +
Linnaeus +
cordate +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
deeply palmately 3-5-lobed;weakly 3-lobed or nearly unlobed +
2.5cm;12cm +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
tubular +, saucer--shaped +, campanulate +  and rotate +
West Indian or bur gherkin +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Calif. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Mass. +, Mont. +, N.Y. +, Tex. +, Africa +, Atlantic Islands (Cape Verde Islands) +, also in Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Pacific Islands (Marquesas Islands) +  and Australia +
furrowed +  and echinate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
bristly +, smooth +, hairy +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and muricate +
fleshy +  and hard +
greenish white +  and yellowish green +
pistillate +, sessile +, pedunculate +  and staminate +
green +  and yellow orange or tan with light or tan with dark green punct white yellow brown or orange +
perennial +
dioecious +  and monoecious +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
umbellate;subumbellate +
solitary +, corymbose +, fasciculate +, racemose +  and paniculate +
petiolate +, estipulate +  and simple +
broadly elliptic;obovate spatulate or ovate +
entire +  and serrate +
fimbriate +
not differentiated +
ovoid;ellipsoid +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
induplicate-valvate +  and imbricate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3.7 cm37 mm <br />0.037 m <br />) +
connate +  and distinct +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
hispid;setose +
not arillate +
compressed +, ellipsoid +  and ovoid +
straight +
linear;oblong or +
Introduced +
climbing +  and procumbent +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
sublobate +  and 3-lobed +
light green +
short-columnar +
echinate +  and eglandular +
Cucumella +, Dicoelospermum +, Melo +, Mukia +, Myrmecosicyos +  and Oreosyce +
Cucumis anguria +
species +
2-branched +  and unbranched +
distinct +