in E. Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 211. 1838.
Plants: roots thin, without thick, woody rootstock. Tendrils proximally hispidulous, distally glabrous. Leaves: petiole weakly hispidulous to hispid; blade ovate to broadly ovate, unlobed to 3-lobate, 3–7.5 (–12.5) × 2–7 (–12) cm, length 1.1–1.5 times width, base cordate, lobes ovate to elliptic, margins serrate or entire. Inflorescences: pedicels of pistillate flowers and fruits cylindric; staminate flowers 1 or 2–7, usually in racemoid fascicles, rarely racemes; pistillate flowers: calyx lobes 5–6 (–11) mm, petals 6–15 mm, corolla-tube 1–1.5 mm, lobes glabrous inside. Pepos pale-yellow, monocolor, ellipsoid to ellipsoid-cylindric or globose, 3.5–7 × 2.5–4 cm, densely echinate at maturity, spinules narrowly cylindric, mostly obscuring fruit surface, flesh light yellow. 2n = 24.
Phenology: Flowering Jul–Sep.
Habitat: Open shrublands, thicket edges, riparian corridors, stream banks, sandy and loamy soil
Elevation: 50–100 m
Introduced; Tex., Africa, also in Mexico, Pacific Islands (Galapagos Islands), Pacific Islands (Hawaii), Australia
Cucumis dipsaceus is documented as adventive in Texas by collections from Hidalgo and Webb counties. It is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental because of its distinctive fruits.