Cucumis metuliferus

E. Meyer ex Naudin

Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 11: 10. 1859.

Common names: Horned or jelly melon kiwano African horned cucumber blowfish fruit
Introduced
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 38. Mentioned on page 4, 32, 33, 34.

Plants: rootstock woody. Tendrils glabrate to hispid. Leaves: petiole setose; blade ovate, 3-lobate or weakly palmately 3–5-lobed, (4–) 6–12 (–14) × (3.5–) 5.5–10 (–12) cm, length 1.2–1.4 times width, base cordate, lobes elliptic to ovate, margins serrate. Inflorescences: pedicels of pistillate flowers and fruits cylindric; staminate flowers usually 2–5 in fascicles, rarely solitary; pistillate flowers: calyx lobes 2–3 mm, petals 6–10 (–17) mm, corolla-tube 1–1.6 mm, lobes sparsely puberulent inside. Pepos yellow to yellow-orange, monocolor, cylindric-ellipsoid, 0.6–1.5 × 3–6 cm, surface muricate to aculeate at maturity, spinules thick-based, glabrous, flesh lime green, jellylike. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Sep.
Habitat: Fences, disturbed sites
Elevation: 5–200 m

Distribution

V6 60-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ala., Fla., Africa, also in Australia

Discussion

Cucumis metuliferus has been reported as naturalized in Houston County, Alabama, and Pinellas County, Florida.

Cucumis metuliferus is used for food, for garnish, and for decoration, apparently more for the latter. The flavor has been described as bland citrus, bananalike, banana-lime, a banana-cucumber-lemon combination, and a cucumber-zucchini combination. Its success as a cultivar apparently began only in 1982 in New Zealand from particularly colorful selections. It was exported from there to Japan with the trade name Kiwano and now is grown commercially also in California, Chile, and Australia.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Cucumis metuliferus"
distinct +  and connate +
Guy L. Nesom +
E. Meyer ex Naudin +
cordate +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
3-5-lobed;3-lobate;ovate +
5.5cm;10cm +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
tubular +, saucer--shaped +, campanulate +  and rotate +
Horned or jelly melon +, kiwano +, African horned cucumber +  and blowfish fruit +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.16 cm1.6 mm <br />0.0016 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Africa +  and also in Australia +
5–200 m +
furrowed +  and echinate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
bristly +, smooth +, hairy +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and muricate +
fleshy +  and hard +
pistillate +  and staminate +
green +  and yellow orange or tan with light or tan with dark green punct white yellow brown or orange +
Fences, disturbed sites +
perennial +
dioecious +  and monoecious +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
umbellate;subumbellate +
solitary +, corymbose +, fasciculate +, racemose +  and paniculate +
petiolate +, estipulate +  and simple +
puberulent +
elliptic;ovate +
fimbriate +
not differentiated +
ovoid;ellipsoid +
cylindric +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
induplicate-valvate +  and imbricate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
connate +  and distinct +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Sep. +
Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. +
not arillate +
compressed +, ellipsoid +  and ovoid +
straight +
linear;oblong or +
Introduced +
climbing +  and procumbent +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
sublobate +  and 3-lobed +
short-columnar +
echinate +  and eglandular +
Cucumella +, Dicoelospermum +, Melo +, Mukia +, Myrmecosicyos +  and Oreosyce +
Cucumis metuliferus +
species +
2-branched +  and unbranched +
glabrate +  and hispid +
distinct +
andromonoecious +, dioecious +  and monoecious +