Cucumis sativus var. sativus

[I]
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 34.

Plants: roots thin, without thick, woody rootstock. Tendrils hispidulous or antrorsely strigose. Leaves: petiole hispid to retrorsely strigose; blade broadly ovate, palmately 5-lobed or 6-lobed, 6–15 (–40) × 6–15 (–35) cm, length 1–1.2 times width, base cordate, lobes triangular, margins serrate. Inflorescences: pedicels of pistillate flowers and fruits cylindric; staminate flowers (1–) 3–7 (–10) in fascicles, corolla-tube 3.5–5 (–6) mm; pistillate flowers: calyx lobes 3–4 (–12) mm, petals 10–15 (–25) mm, corolla-tube 3.5–6.5 mm, glabrous inside. Pepos green to yellowish monocolor or with light green to whitish stripes, ellipsoid to cylindric, 5–20 (–25) × 3–5 (–12) cm, smooth (ovary and developing fruits weakly aculeate), flesh whitish. 2n = 14.


Phenology: Flowering Aug–Nov.
Habitat: Gardens, fields, stream banks, around ponds, trash heaps, sometimes volunteering from past plantings
Elevation: 10–300(–1500) m

Distribution

V6 52-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Ont., Ariz., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Kans., Ky., La., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.Y., N.C., Ohio., Pa., S.C., Utah, Va., Asia (e Himalayas), also in West Indies, Pacific Islands (Hawaii)

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
distinct +  and connate +
Guy L. Nesom +
cordate +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (35 cm350 mm <br />0.35 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
6-lobed;5-lobed;ovate +
6cm;15cm +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
tubular +, saucer--shaped +, campanulate +  and rotate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
Ont. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Utah +, Va. +, Asia (e Himalayas) +, also in West Indies +  and Pacific Islands (Hawaii) +
10–300(–1500) m +
furrowed +  and echinate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
bristly +, smooth +, hairy +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and muricate +
fleshy +  and hard +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
whitish +  and light green to whitish stripes +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
3cm;5cm +
pistillate +  and staminate +
green +  and yellow orange or tan with light or tan with dark green punct white yellow brown or orange +
Gardens, fields, stream banks, around ponds, trash heaps, sometimes volunteering from past plantings +
perennial +
dioecious +  and monoecious +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
umbellate;subumbellate +
solitary +, corymbose +, fasciculate +, racemose +  and paniculate +
petiolate +, estipulate +  and simple +
triangular +
fimbriate +
not differentiated +
ovoid;ellipsoid +
cylindric +
induplicate-valvate +  and imbricate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
connate +  and distinct +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
hispid;retrorsely strigose +
Flowering Aug–Nov. +
not arillate +
compressed +, ellipsoid +  and ovoid +
straight +
linear;oblong or +
Introduced +
climbing +  and procumbent +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
sublobate +  and 3-lobed +
short-columnar +
echinate +  and eglandular +
ridged +  and aculeate +
Cucumella +, Dicoelospermum +, Melo +, Mukia +, Myrmecosicyos +  and Oreosyce +
Cucumis sativus var. sativus +
Cucumis sativus +
variety +
2-branched +  and unbranched +
strigose +  and hispidulous +
distinct +
andromonoecious +, dioecious +  and monoecious +