Cucurbita foetidissima

Kunth in A. von Humboldt et al.

Nov. Gen. Sp. 2(fol.) 98; 2(qto.): 123. 1817..

Common names: Buffalo foetid Missouri gourd calabazilla chili coyote
Synonyms: Cucurbita perennis (E. James) A. Gray Pepo foetidissima (Kunth) Britton
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 51. Mentioned on page 50.

Plants perennial; roots tuberous. Stems prostrate, sometimes rooting adventitiously at nodes, ca. 2–10 m, puberulent to scabrous with pustulate-based hairs; tendrils 3–7-branched 3–6 cm above base, hirsute, eglandular. Leaves: petiole 3–12 cm, coarsely hispid to hispidulous with puberulent understory of gland-tipped hairs; blade narrowly triangular or triangular-acuminate to triangular-lanceolate, unlobed or shallowly 2-lobed, (10–) 12–30 (–40) × (6–) 8–20 (–30) cm, longer than broad, base hastate-cordate to truncate, margins coarsely and widely mucronulate to denticulate, surfaces densely short-hirsute-pilose abaxially, short strigose-hirsute to hispid-hirsute adaxially, eglandular or minutely sessile-glandular. Peduncles in fruit 5-ribbed, slightly expanded or not at point of fruit attachment, hardened, woody. Flowers: hypanthium broadly campanulate, 10–18 mm; sepals narrowly lanceolate to linear-oblong or filiform-subulate, 10–25 mm; corolla golden yellow, campanulate to cylindric-campanulate, 6–10 cm; anther-filaments usually sparsely short-villous with viscid-glandular hairs; ovary hirsute to short-villous. Pepos green with white stripes, white-mottled, evenly yellowish to orange-yellow at full maturity, depressed-globose to globose or oblong-globose, 5–10 cm, smooth. Seeds tan to cream or yellowish, oblong-ovate to ovate-elliptic, 9–13 mm, margins thickened-raised, surface smooth. 2n = 40, 42.


Phenology: Flowering May–Aug.
Habitat: Sandy fields and hills, sandsage prairies, dunes, gypsum hills, rocky soil, calcareous clay loam, grasslands, mesquite scrub, pinyon-juniper, floodplain woods, vacant lots, roadsides, railroad banks
Elevation: 100–2000 m

Distribution

V6 809-distribution-map.jpg

Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Fla., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Mich., Mo., Nebr., Nev., N.Mex., Ohio, Okla., Tex., Utah, Va., Wyo., Mexico (Chihuahua), Mexico (Coahuila), Mexico (Nuevo León), Mexico (San Luis Potosí), Mexico (Sonora), Mexico (Zacatecas), in Europe (Germany)

Discussion

Records of Cucurbita foetidissima in localities east of Missouri apparently represent adventives outside of the native range. The single known locality in Florida (Marion County) was where hay from the Midwest was thrown.

Cucurbita foetidissima has been studied as a source of root starch and seed oil and is a potentially productive crop adapted to arid and semiarid regions. The tuberous roots of an individual average 50 kilograms in weight in three to four growing seasons (J. S. DeVeaux and E. B. Shultz 1985).

Lower Taxa

None.

"/2" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Cucurbita foetidissima"
distinct +  and connate +
Guy L. Nesom +
Kunth in A. von Humboldt et al. +
hastate-cordate +  and truncate +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
longer than broad +
triangular-acuminate;triangular-lanceolate unlobed or shallowly 2-lobed +
8cm;20cm +
tubular +, saucer--shaped +, campanulate +  and rotate +
Buffalo +, foetid +, Missouri gourd +, calabazilla +  and chili coyote +
golden yellow +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Fla. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, Wyo. +, Mexico (Chihuahua) +, Mexico (Coahuila) +, Mexico (Nuevo León) +, Mexico (San Luis Potosí) +, Mexico (Sonora) +, Mexico (Zacatecas) +  and in Europe (Germany) +
100–2000 m +
furrowed +  and echinate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
bristly +, smooth +, hairy +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and muricate +
fleshy +  and hard +
connate +  and distinct +
staminate +, from different axils than staminate +  and pistillate +
cultivated +
expanded +
stipitate;peltate +
Sandy fields and hills, sandsage prairies, dunes, gypsum hills, rocky soil, calcareous clay loam, grasslands, mesquite scrub, pinyon-juniper, floodplain woods, vacant lots, roadsides, railroad banks +
gland-tipped +  and pustulate-based +
perennial +
dioecious +  and monoecious +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
umbellate;subumbellate +
solitary +, corymbose +, fasciculate +, racemose +  and paniculate +
petiolate +, estipulate +  and simple +
obovate;lanceolate oblanceolate oblong-lanceolate or subrhombic +
thickened-raised +
widely mucronulate +  and denticulate +
not +  and differentiated +
hirsute;short-villous +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
induplicate-valvate +  and imbricate +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
pubescent +  and puberulent +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
coarsely hispid;hispidulous +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Aug. +
Nov. Gen. Sp. 2(fol.) +
1753 +  and 1754 +
bemis1978a +
arillate +  and winged +
oblong-ovate +  and ovate-elliptic +
narrowly lanceolate;linear-oblong or filiform-subulate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
climbing +  and procumbent +
200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br /> (1,000 cm10,000 mm <br />10 m <br />) +
sessile-glandular +  and eglandular +
strigose-hirsute +  and hispid-hirsute +
Cucurbita perennis +  and Pepo foetidissima +
Cucurbita foetidissima +
Cucurbita +
species +
eglandular +  and 3-7-branched +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +