Cucurbita okeechobeensis

(Small) L. H. Bailey

Gentes Herb. 2: 179. 1930.

Conservation concern
Basionym: Pepo okeechobeensis Small J. New York Bot. Gard. 31: 12, figs. 1, 2. 1930
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 52. Mentioned on page 50, 53.

Distribution

V6 82-distribution-map.jpg

Fla., Mexico, West Indies (Hispaniola)

Discussion

Subspecies 2 (1 in the flora).

Cucurbita okeechobeensis originally was common in extensive pond-apple (or custard-apple, Annona glabra) forests on the southern shore of Lake Okeechobee (J. K. Small 1922). By the time it was described in 1930, most of these forests had been destroyed. Currently C. okeechobeensis is known only in two population systems Decline and current rarity of Cucurbita okeechobeensis has resulted mostly from conversion of swamp forests to agriculture and from water-level management in Lake Okeechobee. Fluctuations in lake level are necessary as high levels facilitate dispersal, and the inundation and withdrawal create open habitats for quick growth of the seedlings. Exotic vegetation around the edges of the lake, especially Melaleuca, also is a threat.

Cucurbita okeechobeensis subsp. martinezii (L. H. Bailey) Andres & Nabhan ex T. Walters & D. S. Decker (C. martinezii L. H. Bailey) is widespread in a narrow strip of eastern Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Veracruz), often in riparian vegetation and as a weed in coffee and citrus plantations. Subspecies okeechobeensis is morphologically distinct only in its densely pubescent staminate hypanthia and pubescent pistillate ovaries. There is no sterility barrier between the two, and F1 hybrids are fertile (R. W. Robinson and J. T. Puchalski 1980). There is considerable allelic variation within subsp. martinezii (T. C. Andres and G. P. Nabhan 1988) but little or none in subsp. okeechobeensis.

R. W. Robinson and J. T. Puchalski (1980) found through isozyme analysis a single allelic difference between the Okeechobee and Martinez gourds. T. W. Walters and D. S. Decker (1991) confirmed the minor allelic difference and estimated the time of divergence as

about 450,000 years, with the conclusion that the two were appropriately treated as conspecific. A population of Cucurbita okeechobeensis was recently discovered in the Dominican Republic (B. Peguero and F. Jiménez 2005); the authors were unable to assign the plants to either subspecies and it is unclear whether the population is natural or the result of introduction within the last century (M. Nee, pers. comm.).

The closest relative of Cucurbita okeechobeensis and C. martinezii appears to be C. lundelliana L. H. Bailey (T. C. Andres and G. P. Nabhan 1988), which is geographically isolated in the Yucatán Peninsula but can form artificial hybrids with them. Cucurbita lundelliana differs in its orange corollas, less lignified exocarp, and seeds with crenulate margins.

Selected References

None.

"/2" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Cucurbita okeechobeensis"
distinct +  and connate +
Guy L. Nesom +
(Small) L. H. Bailey +
Pepo okeechobeensis +
2-lobed;unlobed;(3-)5(-7)-lobed;suborbiculate;broadly ovate ovatelanceolate reniform or triangular +
tubular +, saucer--shaped +, campanulate +  and rotate +
Fla. +, Mexico +  and West Indies (Hispaniola) +
furrowed +  and echinate +
dehiscent +  and indehiscent +
bristly +, smooth +, hairy +  and glabrous +
tuberculate +  and muricate +
fleshy +  and hard +
connate +  and distinct +
staminate +, from different axils than staminate +  and pistillate +
cultivated +
stipitate;peltate +
perennial +
dioecious +  and monoecious +
umbellate;subumbellate +
solitary +, corymbose +, fasciculate +, racemose +  and paniculate +
petiolate +, estipulate +  and simple +
obovate;lanceolate oblanceolate oblong-lanceolate or subrhombic +
serrate +  and denticulate or mucronulate +
not +  and differentiated +
induplicate-valvate +  and imbricate +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
pubescent +  and puberulent +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
Gentes Herb. +
arillate +  and winged +
compressed +
subulate-linear;lanceolate +
Conservation concern +
climbing +  and procumbent +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
glandular +  and eglandular +
slightly rough to punctate-sculptured +  and smooth +
Cucurbita okeechobeensis +
Cucurbita +
species +
perennial +  and annual +
plant +, climbing +, procumbent +  and shrublike +