Cupressus macrocarpa

Hartweg

J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 187. 1847.

Common names: Monterey cypress ciprés Monterrey
EndemicConservation concern
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Trees to 25 m; crown generally broadly spreading, especially on exposed headlands, fairly sparse, often composed of few major limbs from near ground, more upright in sheltered locations. Bark rough, fibrous. Branchlets decussate, 1.5–2 mm diam. Leaves without gland or sometimes with inconspicuous, shallow, pitlike, abaxial gland that does not produce drop of resin, not glaucous. Pollen cones 4–6 × 2.5–3 mm; pollen-sacs 6–10. Seed-cones oblong, 2.5–4 cm, grayish brown, not glaucous; scales 4–6 pairs, smooth, umbo nearly flat at maturity. Seeds mostly 5–6 mm, dark-brown, not glaucous. 2n = 22.


Habitat: Coastal bluffs
Elevation: 5–35 m

Discussion

The geographically most restricted taxon recognized here, Cupressus macrocarpa is confined today to two picturesque groves near Monterey, but it is also known from fossils to have been in other regions. It is much planted and commonly naturalized near the coast from central California north to Washington and in warm temperate and subtropical regions worldwide.

Of conservation concern.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

... more about "Cupressus macrocarpa"
James E. Eckenwalder +
Hartweg +
long-lived +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
quadrangular +  and terete +
inconspicuous +  and undifferentiated +
Monterey cypress +  and ciprés Monterrey +
grayish brown +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
upright +  and spreading +
5–35 m +
Coastal bluffs +
decurrent +  and scale-like +
petioled +, sessile +, twisted +  and simple +
divergent +  and opposite +
persisting +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
rhomboid +  and scale-like +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
spheric;oblong +
2.5mm +  and 3mm +
J. Hort. Soc. London +
fibrous;woody +
peltate +  and complex +
cuneate +  and oblong +
fleshy +  and woody +
overlapping +
persistent +
1 +  and 2 +
not glaucous +
5 +  and 20 +
faceted +  and lenticular +
Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
Cupressus macrocarpa +
Cupressus +
species +
flattened +, angled +  and terete +
asymmetric +  and symmetric +
many +, 1 +  and 2 +