Cycloloma atriplicifolium

(Sprengel) J. M. Coulter

Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 143. 1894.

WeedyIllustrated
Basionym: Salsola atriplicifolia Sprengel Bot. Gart. Halle, Nachtr., 35. 1801
Synonyms: Salsola platyphylla Michaux Cyclolepis platyphylla (Michaux) Moquin-Ta ndon Cycloloma platyphyllum (Michaux) Moquin-Tandon
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 265.

Stems 5–80 cm. Leaves: petiole ca. 2–15 mm or absent; blade 2–7 (–8) × 0.5–2 cm, base cuneate, margin teeth acute or mucronulate. Perianths 2–4.5 mm diam. (including wing), ± tomentose, often becoming glabrous and reddish. Seeds 1.5 mm diam. 2n = 36.


Phenology: Flowering late summer–fall.
Habitat: Sandy soils, roadsides, waste places, disturbed and alluvial habitats, fields, deserts and prairies (obligate psammophyte)
Elevation: 0-1500 m

Distribution

V4 483-distribution-map.gif

Man., Ont., Que., Sask., Ariz., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Tex., Utah, Va., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., n Mexico, casual in Europe and some other parts of the world

Discussion

The original distribution of Cycloloma atriplicifolium may have covered mostly central parts of North America west of the Mississippi River. Current distributions indicate a pattern of expansion. It appears to be spreading in southern Canada, especially the prairie provinces, and in the southeastern United States. Occurrences have been reported in Idaho, Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia, but specimens have not been seen for these states.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Cycloloma atriplicifolium"
Mucronate (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Sergei L. Mosyakin +
(Sprengel) J. M. Coulter +
slippery +
aromatic +
cuneate +
Salsola atriplicifolia +
7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
lanceolate +, oblong +  and oblong-ovate +
0.5cm;2cm +
persistent +  and deciduous +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
Man. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ariz. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Utah +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, n Mexico +  and casual in Europe and some other parts of the world +
0-1500 m +
Sandy soils, roadsides, waste places, disturbed and alluvial habitats, fields, deserts and prairies (obligate psammophyte) +
interrupted +  and branched +
sessile +  and petiolate +
not winged +  and winged +
lobed +  and serrate-dentate +
mucronulate +  and acute +
inferior +, half-inferior +  and superior +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and tomentose +
persistent +  and deciduous +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
Flowering late summer–fall. +
Mem. Torrey Bot. Club +
pointing +  and ascending +
basal +, median +  and position +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
sculptured +  and smooth +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (?) +
globose-lenticular +  and ovate-lenticular +
Weedy +  and Illustrated +
cylindric +
not armed +, not jointed +  and branched +
opposite +  and alternate +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (80 cm800 mm <br />0.8 m <br />) +
not fleshy +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
verrucate +
Salsola platyphylla +, Cyclolepis platyphylla +  and Cycloloma platyphyllum +
Cycloloma atriplicifolium +
Cycloloma +
species +
glabrous +, tomentulose +  and villose +
polygamomonoecious +
membranous +