Cynodontium alpestre

(Wahlenberg) Milde

Bryol. Siles., 51. 1869,.

Basionym: Dicranum alpestre Wahlenberg Fl. Lapp., 339, fig. 21. 1812
Synonyms: Cnestrum alpestre (Wahlenberg) Nyholm
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 380. Mentioned on page 377, 378, 381.

Stems to 1.5 cm. Leaves to 1.5 mm, broadly lanceolate, nearly all leaves with bluntly rounded apices; leaf margins recurved proximally, the cells mostly 1-stratose; cells of distal lamina (6–) 8–9 µm wide, with moderately developed or high mammillae and 1 (–2) papillae per cell, walls rather thin, angular to somewhat rounded. Perigonium short-stalked. Seta ca. 0.6 cm, straight wet or dry. Capsule symmetrical, erect, not strumose; annulus weakly developed, adherent.


Phenology: Capsules mature summer.
Habitat: Rock crevices, commonly on calcareous substrates
Elevation: moderate to high elevations

Distribution

Greenland, Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Maine, Wis., n Eurasia

Discussion

The description of Cynodontium alpestre above follows authors who did not consider the species to be a variant of C. tenellum. Authors who do unite the two (as C. alpestre) conflate the characters, emphasizing those of C. tenellum. The present description and that of, for example, H. A. Crum and L. E. Anderson (1981) for C. alpestre would not be parallel and would be misleading. Cynodontium tenellum as C. alpestre, for example, would have strongly 2- to multistratose margins and sessile perigonial buds, and the cells would be smooth on the lamina; all these features are contradicted by the present description. The distribution in the flora area is poorly known for the United States because of confusion with C. tenellum, and here follows W. C. Steere (1978) and R. R. Ireland et al. (1987). See G. S. Mogensen (1980) for clarification of the taxonomic position of Cynodontium alpestre.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Cynodontium alpestre"
reddish-brown +
persistent +  and deciduous +
large +  and small +
not deciduous +
Patricia M. Eckel +
(Wahlenberg) Milde +
short to long +
rectangular +  and elongate +
Dicranum alpestre +
microphyllous +
pseudomonoicous +, dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
reproduction +  and asexual +
cucullate +
deeply furrowed +  and sulcate +
longitudinally broadly +  and smooth +
not strumose +
differentiated +
deciduous +
papillose +  and mammillose +
differentiated +
percurrent;excurrent +
toothed +
serrulate +  and entire +
Greenland +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.W.T. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Maine +, Wis. +  and n Eurasia +
moderate to high elevations +
Rock crevices, commonly on calcareous substrates +
falcate-secund +
lanceolate +
erect-flexuose +
acuminate +, keeled +  and tubulose +
2-stratose +  and (1-)2(-3)-stratose +
cladautoicous +, autoicous +, sexual +  and asexual +
rostrate +  and long-rostrate +
nonpitted +  and pitted +
toothed +  and forked +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
acute +  and rounded-obtuse +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
nearly +, 0 +  and 2/3 +
papillose +  and striolate +
Capsules mature summer. +
undifferentiated +
Bryol. Siles., +
mogensen1980a +
hyaline +  and reddish +
roughened +  and smooth +
dry +, wet +  and straight +
straight +
curved-cygneous +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (?) +
spheric +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
superficial +
Cnestrum alpestre +
Cynodontium alpestre +
Cynodontium +
species +
deciduous +
papillose +
lanceolate +
rounded +  and angular to somewhat +
yellowish green sometimes brownish +  and dark +