Cyrtopodium polyphyllum

(Vellozo) Pabst ex F. Barrios

Acta Bot. Brasil. 8: 12. 1994.

IntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Epidendrum polyphyllum Vellozo Fl. Flumin., plate vol. 9, 17. 1831
Synonyms: Cyrtopodium paranaense Schlechter
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 642. Mentioned on page 643.

Plants terrestrial, 50–150 cm. Pseudobulbs elongate, fusiform. Inflorescences erect, racemes to panicles, 100–200 cm. Flowers bright-yellow, 3–4 cm wide; lip with middle lobe margins not conspicuously verruculose-tuberculate, lateral lobes bright-yellow, shorter than middle lobe. Capsules to 10 cm.


Phenology: Flowering winter.
Habitat: Pinelands
Elevation: 10–100[–1500] m

Distribution

V26 1320-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Fla., South America (Brazil)

Discussion

Cyrtopodium polyphyllum was reported for Florida (C. A. Luer 1972) as C. andersonii (Lambert) R. Brown. The only available herbarium specimen [McCormack sub G. N. Avery 1155 (FTG)] is referable to C. polyphyllum. Cyrtopodium andersonii differs from C. polyphyllum in having narrowly ovate rather than broadly elliptic sepals (G. A. Romero-G. and G. Carnevali F.-C. 1999).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Cyrtopodium polyphyllum"
self-pollination +
Gustavo A. Romero-González +
(Vellozo) Pabst ex F. Barrios +
Epidendrum polyphyllum +
indehiscent +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
flattened +, triangular +  and cylindric +
verrucose +  and tuberculate +
cristate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (?) +  and 10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
semiterete +  and club--shaped +
Fla. +  and South America (Brazil) +
10–100[–1500] m +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
bright-yellow +
conspicuous +
Pinelands +
lateral +  and terminal +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
deciduous +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
3-lobed +  and clawed +
larger +
verruculose-tuberculate +
undulate +
differing in form and color +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
membranaceous +
Flowering winter. +
triangular +
fusiform +  and elongate +
Acta Bot. Brasil. +
100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br /> (200 cm2,000 mm <br />2 m <br />) +
aerial +  and subterranean +
minute +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
membranaceous +
not +  and alike +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
branched +, or +  and simple +
pendent +  and erect +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
concave +  and convex +
Cyrtopodium paranaense +
Cyrtopodium polyphyllum +
Cyrtopodium +
species +
trowel--shaped +
annual +  and perennial +
epiphytic +  and terrestrial +
saprophytic +, photosynthetic +  and mycotrophic +