Dianthus barbatus subsp. barbatus

IntroducedIllustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 161.

Plants cespitose, not matted. Stems erect, simple, 10–70 cm, glabrous. Leaves: sheath 3–6 mm, 1 (–2) times as long as stem diam.; blade lanceolate to ovate, (1.5–) 2.5–10 cm, green, margins finely ciliate. Inflorescences usually dense, 5–20-flowered heads, or rarely flowers solitary, axillary; bracts lanceolate, equaling or longer than calyx, herbaceous, apex acute; bracteoles 4 (or 6), green, ovate,3/4–11/4 times as long as calyx, herbaceous, apex long-aristate in distal 1/3 (–1/2). Pedicels 0.1–2 mm. Flowers subsessile; calyx 40-veined, (10–) 12–19 (–21) mm, glabrous (lobe margins may ciliate), lobes ovate to short-tapered, 2–7 mm; petals purple, red, spotted with white, or pink or white with (or without) dark center, bearded, 4–10 mm, apex dentate. Capsules 10–13 mm, equaling calyx length. Seeds 2–2.5 (–2.7) mm. 2n = 30 (Europe).


Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer.
Habitat: Waste places, roadsides, fallow fields, disturbed riverbanks, forest edges
Elevation: 10-2500 m

Distribution

V5 326-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.S., Ont., Que., Sask., Ala., Calif., Conn., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Europe, e, sw Asia, in Mexico, Central America, South America, se Asia (Java)

Discussion

Subspecies barbatus is cultivated widely and both persists at old homesites and sometimes escapes to nearby fields, etc.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
awned +  and not hooded +
Richard K. Rabeler +  and Ronald L. Hartman +
Linnaeus +
dentate +, emarginate to 2-fid +  and entire +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
lanceolate +  and ovate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
lanceolate +
reduced +
herbaceous +  and scarious +
3/4-11/4 times as long as calyx +
1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +
ovoid;cylindric +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
bracteate +  and open +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Ala. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Ga. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Europe +, e +, sw Asia +, in Mexico +, Central America +, South America +  and se Asia (Java) +
10-2500 m +
conspicuous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
stalked +  and simple +
Waste places, roadsides, fallow fields, disturbed riverbanks, forest edges +
5-20-flowered +
scarious +  and herbaceous +
sessile +  and petiolate +
whorled +  and opposite +
connate +
reddish +  and green +
ovate +  and short-tapered +
reddish +  and white +
swollen +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
White (?) +, Pink (?) +, Punct (?) +, Spotted with white (?) +, Red (?) +  and Purple (?) +
fugacious +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–early summer. +
stout +  and slender +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.27 cm2.7 mm <br />0.0027 m <br />) +
papillose-striate +  and papillate +
compressed +  and shield--shaped +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (6.2 cm62 mm <br />0.062 m <br />) +
persistent +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
1(-2) times as long as stem diam +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
prostrate +, decumbent +  and sprawling +
angled;terete +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (70 cm700 mm <br />0.7 m <br />) +
[30 +  and 2 +
papillate +
distinct +
filiform +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Caryophyllaceae subfam. Silenoideae +
Dianthus barbatus subsp. barbatus +
Dianthus barbatus +
subspecies +
divided +
20-60-veined +
reddish +  and green +
terete +  and cylindric +
stoloniferous +, rhizomatous +  and taprooted +
plant +, not matted +  and cespitose +
pubescence of simple hairs or stalked glands +  and glabrous +